Core Biology

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Classification 1

The 5 Kingdoms:                                                        Vertebrates:

  • Animalia                                                               -Bony fish
  • Plantae                                                                -Amphibians
  • Fungi                                                                   -Reptiles
  • Prokaryotes                                                          -Birds
  • Protoctista                                                           -Mammals

living things are ranked according to:                           Invertebrates-Anthropods:

  • Phylum                                                               -Insects
  • Class                                                                  -Arachnids
  • Family                                                                -Crustaceans
  • Genus                                                                -Myriapods 
  • Species                                                              -Annelids

                                                                              -Nematodes

                                                                             -Molluscs

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Cell Structures

Animal cell with cytoplasm, nucleus and cell membrane. (http://a.files.bbci.co.uk/bam/live/content/zpxb87h/small)The plant cell has cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane and it also has chloroplast, vacuole and cell wall. (http://a.files.bbci.co.uk/bam/live/content/zn6gd2p/small)A yeast cell showing cytoplasm, the small ribosomes, the larger mitochondrion, nucleus, cell wall and cell membrane. (http://a.files.bbci.co.uk/bam/live/content/zstrwmn/small)-FungalThe ultrastructure of a typical bacterial cell showing cell wall, the small ribosomes, plasmids with their figure of eights, cell membrane, large circular dna molecule and cytoplasm. (http://a.files.bbci.co.uk/bam/live/content/zfhcjxs/small)-Bacterial cellAnimal and plant cells. Both share cytoplasm, nucleus, ribosome, mitochondrion and cell membrane. Plant cells have chloroplast, vacuole and cell wall. (http://a.files.bbci.co.uk/bam/live/content/zphcjxs/large)

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