Coasts are shaped by the sea and the action of waves. The processes that take place are erosion, transportation and deposition.
Waves are created by wind blowing over the surface of the sea. As the wind blows over the sea, friction is created - producing a swell in the water. The energy of the wind causes water particles to rotate inside the swell and this moves the wave forward.
The size and energy of a wave is influenced by:
- how long the wind has been blowing.
- the strength of the wind.
- how far the wave has travelled (the fetch)