- Created by: BeckiSweet95
- Created on: 07-01-20 16:45
What is Child Development
Child development is the process of growth and change from conception to adolescence.
Up to 1 year
4 weeks - startled by loud noises.
6 weeks - can sustain eye contact. Responds to family with a smile.
8 months - 'for me' mode of experiencing reality. Can sit unsupported. Prefers to be held by a family member.
12 months - Can begin learning through imitation. Cries when left by main carer.
14 months - walks alone.
15 months - likes to please carers.
- Has temper tantrums.
- Uses objects in an imaginative way.
- Signs of embarrassment.
- Uses words to express themselves.
- Relates to members of own family.
- Uses language and have real conversations.
- Developing social skills.
- More autonomy from parents.
- Can use representations in play.
3 years: Limited understanding of time and number.
5 years: Can demonstrate inflicting emotions in expression and language. Obeys adults.
6 years: Can provide practical care for animals and others. Experiences guilt and shame.
- Represents a period of prolonged teenage turmoil.
- Teenagers often cited as having an inability to make rational decisions.
- In search of self.
Piaget Sensorimotor Stage
Birth - 2 years old
- Characterised by failure to differentiate between self and surroundings.
- 4-8 months can pick up and shake a rattle but has no awareness of object permanence.
- 8-12 months achieves the desired effect through action. Achieves object permanence. Fails the A not B test.
- 18-24 months infants mental representation dominated over actions. Can conceive an object as independent of the self.
Piaget Pre-Operational Stage
- Able to see things from someone else's point of view.
- Unable to understand the world as they are intuitive and highly subjective.
- Fail to understand the underlying reality remains constant despite changes in appearance.
- Non-logical thinking
- Conservation experiment - don't understand the height, width, quantities etc. Can't conserve liquid, number mass or length until 6/7 years old.
Piaget Concrete Operational Stage
- Can solve problems in a principled way. Pass conservation and 3 mountain tasks.
- Cannot handle imagined or hypothetical problems.
- Not good at tasks situated in reality.
Piaget Formal Operational Stage
- Develop the ability to think about abstract concepts.