Importance of Breastfeeding (1 of 2)

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  • Importance of Breastfeeding
    • Prevents childhood morbidity due to...
      • Diarrhoea
      • Respiratory Infections
      • Ear infections (otitis media)
      • Obesity
      • Diabetes
      • Dental maloc-clusions
    • Helps prevent and reduce the incidence, mortality and morbidity of mothers in
      • Breast cancer
      • Ovarian Cancer
      • Diabetes
    • In low income families, breastfeeding provides major protection against infections causing mortality
    • In high income families it also reduces risk of SIDS and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC)
    • Enhances human capital by increasing intelligence
    • Improved
      • Response to immunisation
      • Development of brain and retina
    • Also a possible increase in
      • Cognitive ability
      • Education attainment
      • Language and co-ordination skills
      • Speech clarity
    • Less likely to be affected in later life of...
      • Childhood cancers
      • Cardio-vascular disease
      • Obesity
      • Insulin dependent diabetes
      • Malocclusion
      • Child neglect/ abuse
    • Colostrum
      • Produced about 16 weeks gestation
        • Present at birth, develops into mature milk 3-4 days after birth
          • High density, low volume, sticky, thick yellow orange liquid
            • Liquid gold / gold dust
            • Full of anti-infective and anti-viral properties and antibodies. High concent-rations of growth factors and fat soluble vitamins - particularly vitamin A
              • Helps prevent infants getting infections following birth when they are most vulnerable

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