Leeds

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  • Created by: SW24
  • Created on: 02-01-18 16:53

About Leeds

  • A long history of industry but has had to reinvent itself.
  • Lies at the heart of a conurbation
  • The largest city in the Yorkshire and Humber region - the North of England.
  • 2nd largest metropolitan district in England - 200 sq miles 
  • Estimated population of 800,000 people - large number of consumers and potential employees
  • Attracted investment and created private-sector jobs
  • Well-developed transport infrastructure, has rail links, a canal and waterway network, an international airport
  • Several major universities
  • Centre for the arts
  • Has attracted interest through global connections through clothing firms and outsourced factories
  • Good export links
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How Leeds developed?

  • Started out as a Saxon village
  • Grew quickly in medieval times
  • Wealth of the city came from the wool industry
  • Wool was woven and dyed in the city
  • 17th Century - city growing along the course of the River Aire
  • Fought over during the Civil War (1643)
  • Pottery industry, brick making and other craft industries in the city
  • Leeds - Liverpool canal completed in 1816 - a route to and from the coast
  • Population = 100,000 by 1850
  • Railway arrived c.1850
  • Town Hall built in 1858
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Patterns of national & international migration in

  • Grown in size recently due to a natural increase and new arrivals into the city
  • 17% black and ethnic minority
  • Non-British population higher than average for the region
  • Influx of migrants during the 1950s
  • Claims to have the oldest Caribbean community in the UK
  • West Indian carnival every year
  • Pakistan and India well represented - a further influx
  • Large Irish community - early 19th century
  • Second wave of Irish arrivals - mid 20th century - they found work in labouring and manufacturing jobs
  • Irish migrants now over 30,000
  • After WW2, the city welcomed Polish, Ukrainian and Hungarian refugees. They moved to inner-city Leeds.
  • 2013 - between 6000 and 9000 new long-term immigrants into the city
  • Net migration to the city of around 1500 in total
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Impacts of immigration on the character of the cit

  • Diverse
  • Student population = over 30,000 people
  • Over 7000 stafff at the University of Leeds
  • Young people create a great demand for housing stock and are important for the local economy
  • A wealth of entertainment and food options close to the uni
  • Around 18% of pop. - aged 15 and under
  • Around 15% - aged over 65
  • Higher proportion of young people than the national average
  • Creates a demand for services and products relevant to this age group
  • Thriving cafe culture and lots of nightlife
  • 1991-2011, the ethnic minority pop. doubled = 15% of pop.
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Life in Leeds

  • Many different cultures, faiths, languages and races
  • ASDA and Arla (a Danish food company) headquarters based there
  • TV production companies and financial institutions
  • Well-developed digital infrastructure - attracting new businesses
  • Tour de France started in Leeds - 2014
  • Sport is well-represented
  • Situated close to the Yorkshire Dales and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
  • Redevelopment taken place on a large scale in some areas of the city
  • Some businesses change their names on different days of the week/at night to provide a different experience for their young customers
  • Major employers - Leeds General Infirmary, employs 7000 people
  • The city makes a major contribution to the country's economy
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