People of the UK

  • Created by: Janeway
  • Created on: 11-04-19 16:13

Case Study: Economic growth/decline - Salford Quay

Economic Growth:

  • Industrial revolution - Salford Quays was a centre for processing cotton from USA 
  • Thriving manufacturing and engineering sectors
  • Production of machines for factories
  • 1894 - Manchester Ship Canal opened - large ships could now enter the heart of the city
  • 1890s - 90 hectare Salford Quays were constructed due to thriving trade
  • Thousands of people employed in the docks
  • 1985 - Salford Quays development- new homes, business, cleansed waterways, parks etc
  • 2000 - Lowry Building - £64million to build - theatre, galleries, bars and cafes.
  • 2007 - MediaCityUK - BBCmoved 5 departments to a new development on Pier 9 - created 10,000 jobs and added £1billion to local economy

Economic Decline:

  • 1960s - 1970s - large container ships unable to use Manchester Canal
  • 3,000 people lost their jobs
  • 1982 - docks closed
  • High rates of unemployment and crime
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Ageing Population

Causes:

  • Childcare is expensive
  • UK has very good healthcare with well equipped hospitals
  • Women stay in education longer and focus on careers so have children later
  • Many people choose to marry at a later age (28-30) so they have children later or not at all

Benefits:

  • Businesses make more profits as elderly people spend more money on holiday, leisure 
  • More childcare support from grandparents for people with families
  • A rising number of people in nursing homes - more jobs

Problems:

  • Rise in retirement age to pay for pensions
  • Lack of young workforce
  • Increase in cost of healthcare and pensions - more taxes
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Case Study: Major UK City - Leeds

Life in Leeds: 

  • ASDA and ARLA headquarters
  • rich industrial and diverse heritage
  • 1884 - first Marks and Spencers opened in Leeds
  • 2014 - Tour de France cylists start in Leeds
  • New affordable housing but also old victorian architecture

Importance at a regional, national and global scale:

  • 2nd largest metropolitian district in England
  • 3rd highest levels of inequality in the UK
  • attracted interest through global connections between clothing firms
  • good export links

Sustainable strategies for the future of leeds:

  • Leeds 2030 - solve housing, social inequality and unemployment
  • HS2 - high speed railway in Leeds by 2032
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Case Study: Major UK City - Leeds

Challenges affecting Leeds:

  • Wealthy areas: Moseley Wood and Cookridge vs Poorer areas: Gipton and Harehills
  • 20% children in poverty
  • 3rd highest levels of inequlity in UK
  • Studentification - South headingly -> property price inflation -> higher crime rates
  • 15% of residents in Holbeck on benefits vs 0.2% of residents in Weatwood on benefits
  • Unemployment (young people)
  • enviromental problems - water and air

Influence and patterns of migration:

  • West Indian carnival every year 
  • 1800s - large Irish community - The Bank
  • 1900s - slum clearance forced out communities
  • 1950s - Carribbean community - Harehills
  • 1950s - Irish arrivals (over 30,000) finding work in labouring - South Bank
  • Post WWII - Welcomed Polish, Ukranine and Hungarian refugees - Inner City Leeds
  • 2004 - Lithuania and Poland due to EU extension (6,000 - 9,000)
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