Changing Rural Environments Case Studies

GCSE Geography AQA Spec A - Changing Rural Environments - Case Studies

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Give an example of a development on the rural-urba

Bluewater, Kent

  • It is an out-of-town regional shopping centre
  • It is in a high access location within London's rural-urban fringe.
  • It was built in a disused chalk quarry
  • It places a lot of pressure on the rural-urban fringe and this part of Kent is a lot more urbanised and congested than it used to be.
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Give an example of a suburbanised village:

Chalgrove, Oxfordshire

  • It lies on the edge of the rural-urban fringe between Oxford and London.
  • The population has risen to over 11 thousand.
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What are the reasons for this growth?

  • Close to M40, good access to London
  • A-road access to Oxford
  • Mainline railway stations accessible nearby
  • Nearby towns provide a range of local services
  • New job opportunities
  • Outside greenbelt so no limit to development
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What are the typical suburban residents like?

  • They are highly mobile
  • Work in professions or in management
  • Have lived there for less than 10 years.
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Give an example of commercial UK farming:

East Anglia


  • It is well known for cereal crops, growing more than a quarter of England's wheat and barley 
  • Sugar beat and potatoes are also mass produced in this region
  • Peas, beans, salad crops, strawberries, other fruits and flowers are also cultivated.


  • Mainly pig and poultry
  • 2.2 million eggs and 25% of chickens consumed weekly are from this region
  • Mainly indoors, under intensive systems 
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What physical and human factors affect farming in


  • The climate is ideal for intensive arable farming
  • Low rainfall and warm summers.


  • Large farming machinery used
  • Farms often share expensive equipment
  • Chemicals are sometimes used by company owned farms
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Give an example of a tropical farming area:

Kenya, East Africa

  • Kenya produces flowers as a cash crop
  • It has a good climate for flower growing but most roses are grown in greenhouses to protect them.
  • They are grown near the rift valley lakes as they are a good source of water
  • It employs tens of thousands of workers but often on low wages
  • Sometimes benefits are given to workers such as free education for their children, and free housing.
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Is page 6 talking about East Anglia?



Yes it is, don't worry

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