- Created by: GalleyGirl
- Created on: 24-04-17 13:33
*Rise of Japanese Militarism
-Japanese military dominating the government, focused on economic and political modernisation
-Massive public support, desire for empire
-Increasing expansionism (Manchuria 1931)
-Cause of agression in Asia NOT necessarily of wider war
-Most European countries uninterested as not direct threat to interests
*Japanese belief in Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere
-Asia for Asians, drive out Western powers leeching off Asia, resented.
-Wanted Asia to become a dominant force, drive out Western powers
-Essentially direct challenge to West.
Actions of Western Powers
*U.S. and G.B. worried about Japan's unrestrained expansion, threatening colonies
-U.S. and G.B. freeze Japanese assets (26 July 1941) U.S. oil embargo (1 August 1941)
- -U.S now clearly determined to oppose Japan two sides developing
*U.S. dicriminatory policies against Japan on immigration
-Increases hostility, especially among public towards U.S.
*Failures of league of nations
-G.B. and France more concerned with self-interests, needed trade due to great depression
-Only voice disapproval, Lytton comission, encourages Japan to continue
-Refuse to sign racial equality clause, alienating Japan from West
*Increasing, (out of control) militarism, meant expansion very popular
-Lot of public support for expansion
*Manchurian crises (1931) went so well encouraged further expansion
-Lot of glory, prestige and many thought economic gains in expansionism
*Sino-Japanese war 1937
-Dragging out, draining resources. Needed descive victory
-But expansion by military uncontrollable, needed economic gains, had to gain something to justify war
*Increasing expansionism began to be a threat to Western colonies
-Upsetting balance of power in Asia
-making some kind of stand by Western powers inevitable
*Sino- Japanese war (1937)
-West was supplying China, making expansion of conflict easier
*U.S. trade embargo
-Makes continuing war with China impossible, but pride means can't back down, need economic resources of Western colonies
*Tripartite Axis Pact (1940) Germany, Italy, Japan.
-Fomalizes anti-allied bloc, Japan felt victory with them would be more rewarding than WW1.
*Pearl Habour, attacked Hong Kong, Singapore & Dutch East Indies (7- 8 Dec 1941)
-Unprovoked attack, U.S. no choice but to declare war
-Pre-emptive attack by Japan, but by that point war is inevitable