CAP- Common Agricultural Policy
Set up in late 1950's after WW2.
- to plan production
- increase food security by maximising the production
Tarrifs raised against imports. Guaranteed prices paid to producers in EU.
CAP successful in increasing food production.
mid 1970's = huge surplus.
- olive oil
£££ costing to much to produce & store. £££
some sent as FOOD AID to LEDC's or sold to them at subsidised prices. also dumped where famine wasn't an issue.
1990's CAP had to reform.
- paid to reduce quantity and increase quality
- subsidies to dairy + livestock farmers were reduced, so farmers no longer encouraged to over breed. To reduce over grazing
- Arable farmers paid to set aside 10% of their land to reduce grain mountains
2006 DEFRA set up natural England.
- CONSERVE AND ENHANCE THE NATURAL ENVIROMENT
- ENJOY THE NATURAL ENVIROMENT
- SUSTAINABLE USE OF THE ENVIROMENT
- DECISIONS MADE TO SECURE THE ENVIROMENT