- Created by: edtc
- Created on: 20-03-19 16:54
Portsmouth Campaign, 1205
- Forces mustered through April and May of 1205 - John unwilling to lose continental possessions permenantly. Preparation - said to be more excessive than Richard's prep for the Third Crusade.
- However John did not embark and it was cancelled.
- One reason for this- lack of support from English barons. Lacked will to to join him - politically risky to go w/o them - could potentially lose England.
- Refusal to support John - sign of future tensions. William Marshal- opposed out of self interest- swore oath to Philip in 1204.
- Reinforcements that were sent only managed to relieve and reinforce garrison at La Rochelle. Led by John's half brother, earl of Salisbury.
- Chinon forced to surrender at Easter. Loches surrendered by end of June 1205.
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Poitou Campaign, 1206
- Smaller expedition than Portsmouth. However, accompanied by a lot of his barons - indicates he learned to court their support.
- Landed at La Rochelle June 1206.
- Small-scale raids conducted from the city which raised his visibility. Captured (allegedly) impregnable castle at Montauban. Aug - raiding into Berry.
- Regained support of Aimery of Thouars - advanced into Anjou to borders of Maine - forced to turn back as Philip mustered an army.
- Two-year truce arranged.
- Despite limited resources, John made impressive gains. Poitou and much of Aquitaine, eg. Gascony, returned to his allegiance.
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Battle of Damme, 1213
- Successful in 1206, but 7 years passed before a conflict between Philip and John - problems w/ Church, Scotland, Ireland & Wales and English barons distracted him.
- Spring 1213 - Philip II ordered son Louis to prepare invasion of England.
- 30th May 1213 - John and Flemish allies assembled a fleet of 500 ships against the French at Damme. Led by earl of Salisbury. Caught French off-guard and managed to capture/ destroy most of their fleet.
- Significant - prevented French invasion of England & made John's invasion in 1214 possible.
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