business studies formulas.

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  • Created by: Chloe.
  • Created on: 23-05-11 15:46

VARIANCE.

ACTUAL FIGURE - BUDGETED FIGURE.

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PROFIT

TOTAL REVENUE - TOTAL COSTS

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GROSS PROFIT

SALES - COST OF SALES

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NET PROFIT AND NET PROFIT MARGIN

NET PROFIT:
TOTAL REVENUE - TOTAL COSTS.

NET PROFIT MARGIN:

NET PROFIT
_________________________  x100

SALES REVENUE

EXPRESSES PROFIT AS A PROPORTION OF THE LEVEL OF SALES.

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RETURN ON CAPITAL EMPLOYED

NET PROFIT
__________________________   X100

CAPITAL EMPLOYED

 

PERCENTAGE RETURN ON MONEY PUT INTO THE BUSINESS.

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UNIT COSTS

TOTAL COSTS
____________

OUTPUT

 

PRICE TO MAKE ONE ITEM.

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LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY

OUTPUT PER PERIOD
_____________________________________

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES PER PERIOD

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ABSENTEEISM

AV. NUMBER OF STAFF ABSENT ON 1 DAY
_________________________________________X100

TOTAL NUMBER OF STAFF

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LABOUR TURNOVER.

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES LEAVING BUSINESS
__________________________________________ X100

TOTAL NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

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CAPACITY UTILISATION

CURRENT OUTPUT
____________________________ X100

MAXIMUM OUTPUT

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