- Greatest of national interests - British public were in support of preserving peace.
- Britain had everything to lose and nothing to gain - cost lots of money, wouldnt gain anything from it.
- helped to promote commerce - would lose trading partners if a war broke out
- Economic situation was very bad, not god for a war, preserving peace would allow them to economically recover
- there was awareness that Britain was increasingly vulnerable - cutting spending on defence and arms, wouldnt be able to survive a war.
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Defence of Britain
- A vital concern was to ensure that Britain was adequately defended.
- Protection of essential trade routes
- Defence of the empire
- Savage defence cuts had unfortunate consequences for Britains domestic arms industry, which virtually disappeared. (10 year rule - didnt think they would be involved in a war for another 10 years)
- They needed to be ready to cooperate in the defence of Britain's allies.
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Importance of the USA
- They were a great economic power and potentially a great military power.
- Britain couldnt even afford a minor quarrel with America
- A permanent quarrel with them was unthinkable
- Britain might need its assistance in the future.
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Preserving the Balance of Power
- the best insurance against the renewal of war
- it was believed that World War One had been caused by a rigid alliance system
- most British governments had no intention of binding the country to preserve the status quo
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- Few politicians considered Britain a fully fledged European state.
- British interests were global rather than just continental
- Preservation of the Empire was essential if Britain was to remain a great world power.
- Politicians claimed that self-government was the destiny of every part of the British Empire. Most were determined to preserve that imperial union in some form.
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