Black and Tan Fantasy

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Melody

  • 2 octave range
  • 1st 12 bars are pre-composed (taken from a hymn)
  • Uses a whole tone scale
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Rhythm and Metre

  • Common time
  • Swung quavers
  • Serious repeated crotchets in bar 2/3
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T. For Texture

  • Mostly parallel 6ths 
  • Stride pattern bar 55
  • Sustained chordal accompaniment
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Structure

  • Head arrangement
  • 1-12 = 12 bar blues
  • 13-29 = 16 bars precomposed
  • 29-40 =Head 2 
  • Piece concludes with a 4 bar coda based on Chopin's Funeral March
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Harmony

  • Mostly functional harmony 
  • Some blues notes
  • Circle of fifths from bar 59-63
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Instruments

  • Trumpet uses a plunger mute
  • Rhythm section - drums, piano, banjo, bass
  • Reeds section - saxophone, trumpet, trombone (low range)
  • Mutes are used for different sounds
  • There are growls and slides in the trumpet and a horse whinny
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Tonality

  • Piece begins in Bb minor and ends in Bb minor
  • Parallel major of Bbm in bar 15 (Bb major)
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