Classical Criminology

  • Created by: kelly
  • Created on: 24-02-16 14:10


  • The law should gurantee the rights of the accused at all stages.
  • 'It is better to prevent crimes then to punish them'
  • Punishemnt is only justifed to the extent that the offender had infringed the tights of others or for the public good.
  • The seriousness of the crime should be judge on not by the intentions of the offender but the harm to soicety.
  • Penalities should be proportionate to the crime committed, and no more what is necessary to deter bith the offender and others from committing crimes.
  • Excessive punishment does not work, does not deter but also increases crime.
  • Law should clrealy state what is forbidden, and what the punishment is for each crime.
  • Punishment should be given fast, as this associates people's minds between crime and penality.
  • The punishment should be free of corruption and prejudice.
  • Criminals owe a debt to society.
  • Punisments should be fixeed strictly in proportion to the seriousness of the crime.
  • Based on free will and hedonism.
  • All human behaviour is based on the pleasure pain principle.
  • The courts determine a perosns guilt.
1 of 5

Beccaria 3 Factors


  • The more likely you are to be punished for your actions, the less likely you are to engage in criminal behaviour.
  • The law must clearly be set out and must be consistently enforced.


  • The shorter time between the offence and the punishment according to Beccaria ‘ stronger and more lasing in the human mind is the association of these two ideas, crime and punishment, then insensibly to be considered, one as the cause, the other as the necessary inevitable effect’


  • The severity of the punishment must be significant enough to deter further misconduct, but no more significant enough to deter further misconduct.
2 of 5


  • ‘The greatest happiness of the greatest number’
  • Utilitarian.
  • People are rational creatures who will seek pleasure while avoiding pain.
  • Punishment must outweigh any pleasure gained from criminal behaviour.
  • On he other hand the law mustn’t be to harsh that reduced the greatest happiness.
  • The law should not regulate morality but only control acts that harm society that reduce the happiness of the majority.
  • Capital punishment isn’t necessary
  • He argued that on occasion torture may be used only if you have the right offender.
  • Social ction should be guided by the objective of ensuring the greatest happiness for the greatest number.
  • Punishments are negative, must be restricted to produce the desired outcome- unhappiness.
  • Operate on a scale to be proportionate to the crime, but it must be undertandable to the offender.
  • Bentham didnt like when punishment was 'unprofitable' because its evil outweighs the offence.
3 of 5

The impact of Classicism

  • Had a great impact on criminal justice system across Europe and America.
  • Punishments should be appropriate to the nature of the crime, became the foundations for the modern CJS.
  • Decline in capital punishment and torture.
  • Growth of prisons.
  • Rational Actor Model.
  • Due process and the rights of the accused came from Beccaria and Bentham.
  • Can be seen in crime as a deterrent.
4 of 5

Criticisms of Classical criminology.

  • Focuses on problems of fairness and equality.
  • Not all individuals are rational thinkers.
  • If it is based upon ideas of free will and rationality why is it always the poorest in society in the criminal justice system?
  • White and Haines
  • How can justice and Equality hold up in court with a particular defendant? Not all defendants in court act rationally and with free will.
5 of 5


tom moreton


wonderful work again steve all the best from your no.1 fan tom moreton



We are the most reliable online supplier to order fake money. Money is technically just a piece of paper, everything in our lives revolves around it, People have been using different types of notes and coins for centuries and there were always counterfeits. When the first coin was minted, the fake one appeared right away. So, the usage of fake currency is nothing new. Although this practice is discouraged and not accepted by any country, with our high-quality counterfeit bills for sale, it’s absolutely safe. We are one of the most reliable online suppliers on the web that produces indistinguishable premium banknotes passing all security tests, undetected by ATMs, Money Counting Machines, Self-checkout machines, and counterfeit pens. Do you want to take a chance and get more for less? Then do not hesitate to get in touch with our customer support representatives. We aim to help our clients from all over the globe to live without boundaries. That is why we provide free worldwide shipping on all orders above $5000. Whatsapp Us: +44 7537 166220 Email:............ [email protected] General support:.. [email protected] Buy counterfeit notes from our store to make your life less difficult. We all have some dreams and desires throughout our lives. However, most of them require significant funding to come true. So, it usually comes out that these dreams wouldn’t have happened due to a lack of money. Here at counterfeit online store, we believe that every person has the right to be happy and live freely. That’s why we provide our clients with the best counterfeit money for sale to shortcut their path to prosperity. Have you ever wondered what actions do governments take when they need currencies? They just turn on the printing machine and this is exactly what we do to refill your money supply! We utilize only cutting-edge equipment to create notes of high quality that can be used anywhere (including banks) and look like the original. Our company stands by the unmatched quality of the fake money we sell. The notes we sell have all necessary security features including watermarks, security threads, and foil elements that original money has. That’s why they cannot be distinguished by the naked eye. We are the best producers of genuine Data-based Registered High Quality Real/Registered Passport, Driver's Licenses, ID Cards, And other Citizenship Documents. Buy High-Quality Data-based Registered Machine, Read-able Scan-able Driver's Licenses, ID’s, Passports, and And Citizenship Documents. We provide all kinds of jobs, both skilled and unskilled, and a 3 year working visas in these countries. Are you trying to change your nationality? do you need work papers and job? do you want to travel? do you need papers you can't have? if yes, then you are in the right place at the right time. We are an independent group of specialized IT professionals and database technicians who are specialized in the production of high quality real and novelty documents such as passports, drivers license, id cards, stamps, visas, diplomats of very high quality, and other products for all countries: USA, Australia, UK, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italian, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, Netherlands, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, the Middle East. Do you need permanents visas or nationality? we provide IELTS certificate, passports, I'd card, residents permit and counterfeits money and utility bills Whatsapp Us: +44 7537 166220 Email:............ [email protected] General support:.. [email protected]

Similar Criminology resources:

See all Criminology resources »See all Classical Criminology. resources »