What are they?
Pgs are groups of like-minded individuals who campaign for their own interests andor to achieve goals or pursu common causes. They seek to influence government policy in their favour.
1. Pgs are significantly more numerous than political parties: often fragment opinion whereas political parties tend to agregate an d accomodate with a view of being elected.
2. Pgs do not generally seek election, but some groups do as a way of raising public awareness, even though they have little realistic chance of being elected.
Classification of Pressure Groups by AIM
Classification of pgs by aim:
Sectional and Cause groups:
Early attempts to classify groups focused on who or what causes they represent.
Represent the itnerests of a particular section of society. They are, therefore, sometimes referred to as a setoral. interest or protectionist groups.
Membership of such groups is normally restricted to the groups whose interests they serve. For example, a teachers' union such as the NASUWT or NUT will represent the interests of its members who will, for the most part, be practising teachers. The BMA, another exape of a sectional group as it promotes the interests of the medical profession.