Animal Rights

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Human Instinct

  • Ability to make decisions
  • Form opinions
  • Think about the consequences
  • Sence of what is morally right
  • Act selflessly to protect others
  • Question meaning of life & search for explanations
  • Have religious beliefs & values
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Animal Instincts

  • They eat, survive and reproduce according to instinct
  • Act to protect themselves-e.g. abandoning the weakests 
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Animal Rights Campainers

  • Believe animals have dignity & should be free from cruelty & exploitation
  • Use protests, marches & demonstrations
  • Some groups take more direct approach-violent actions, releasing animals in to the wild, targeting individuals & research facilities 
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Animal Welfare Groups

  • WWF- World Wildlife Fund for Nature
  • RSPCA- Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 
    • They raise awarness through education & advertising 
    • Monitor treatment of animals
    • Started in 1824  by Arthur Broom & other christians in repsonse to animal cruelty
  • Islamic Foundation for Ecology & Environmental Sciences
  • Quaker Concern of Animals
  • Anglican Society for the Welfare of Animals
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Law of Animal Rights

  • British Law protects animals from being neglected & being cruel to
  • Not all creatures allowed to be kept as pets- rare birds, dangerous dogs
  • Testing on animals for medical research of cosmetics is BANNED
  • Medical experimentation controlled & regularly inspected
  • Fox hunting & dog fighting is ILLEGAL
  • Strict monoriting of transporting animals
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Specific Issues-Wild Animals, Zoos & Safari Parks


  • Better places have breeding programmes-introduce endangered animals back in to the wild
  • Educate public about problems of the species facing extinction


  • Some animals show evidence of stress (e.g. polar bears stressed in summer temperatures)
  • Don't always provide right environment
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Ohito Declaration

  • Spetember 1986 the six major worl religions met in Italy
  • They signed the Ohito Declaration:
    • Religions must recognize need to treat environment with care
    • Sustaining environmental life is a religious responsibility
    • Nature needs to be treate with respect & compassion
    • A higher quality of life is higher standard than higher standard of living
    • Greed is main cause of environmental problems  & pressure on wild animal habitat
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Animals are seen as useful

  • Pets give comfort and companionship
  • Can be used for working
    • Elephants used for logging
    • Police dogs
    • Guide dogs for the blind
    • DOgs used as therapeutic help for children with autism, cancer, elderly
    • No religious groups oppose this, as long as animals treated well
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Animal Experimentation

  • Animals & humans used for medical experimentation

For- animals used to test new drugs & provide vaccines to the diseases

Against- causes the animals to suffer

Genetic Modification-  animls genetically modified (in labratory), to study the effect of genetic diseases

Cloning- e.g. Dolly the sheep

  • Many embryos were destroyed in genetic modification & cloning- religious groups not happy about this. 
  • Relilgous groups view life is sacred & G.M & C show a disregard for life
  • "Thou shalt not kill" 
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Blood Sports & Ivory Trade

Blood Sports

  • E.g. fox hunting, bull fighting, bird shooting & fishing


  • it managed the countryside
  • Form of pest control
  • Part of our country's heritage & tradition
  • Provides food


  • It is barbaric, cruel & tortures the animals for mans pleasure
  • Islam & christianity-teach animals are scared as part of God's creation, blood sports aren't acceptable

Ivory Trade

  • Made illegal by United Nations (UN) in 1989
  • Doesn't allow limited trading using ivory from animals that have naturally died or killed due to over population
  • Argue this has encouraged poachers-armed gangs used money from poachers to fund wars
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Vegetarians/Vegans & Fur Trade



  • Cruel to kill animals 
  • Way animals kept- intensive farming practises
  • Transport & slaughter of the animals causes them stress 


  • Designed to eat meat-teeth and digestive systems can show that
  • Meat & vegetabled give us a balanced diet, that our body needs

Fur Trade


  • Worth 500 million pound to Uk economy a year
  • No endangered species used in this trade- British Fur Trade assocciation introduced "origin assured"
  • Kill them for food, why not clothing?


  • it is cruel
  • Don't need to use fur for clothes, have fabrics that are now warmer
  • Synthetic fur also looks real
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Christian Teaching

  • Animals are part of God's creation & valuable to him.
    • "Are not sparrows sold for two pennies? Yet no one of them is forgotten by God"
  • Most christians are meat eaters, as doens't say in the bible can't eat meat. 
    • Although, in creation story- God provided grain & all kinds of fruit to eat 
    • In story of Noah, God said they can eat meat
  • "Everything that eats & moves shall be food for you"
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Key Terms

  • Sancity of Life-life is sacred as given by God
  • Responsability- duty, idea that we are in charge of our own actions
  • Halal-islamic term meaning allowed
  • Haram- Islamic term meaning forbidden
  • Extinction- when all animals of a species have died out & will never exist on Earth again
  • Factory Farming- when animals are kept for meat & dairy products in very small places
  • Vegatarian- people who don't eat meat
  • Vegan-  peopel who don't eat/drink any animal products
  • Fur Trade- hunting or farming animals for their fur for clothing
  • Ivory Trade- sale of ivory from elephant tusks-it is ILLEGAL
  • Animal Experimentation- testing on animals to make sure that they are safe for humans to use
  • Genetic  Modification- when animals or plants have had their genetic information changed by scientists
  • Cloning- animals or plants created as an exact copy of the original (by using originals DNA)
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