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PRE WAR POETRY

The charge of the light brigade ­ Alfred Lord Tennyson




Based on a disastrous cavalry change during the battle of cardigan

The story of a brigade consisting of 600 soldiers who rode on horseback into the "valley
of death" for half a league (about one and a…

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Form

Comprised of six numbered stanzas varying in length from six to twelve lines. Each line
is in diameter.

The rhyme scheme varies with each stanza. Often, Tennyson uses the same rhyme (and
occasionally even the same final word) for several consecutive lines: "Flashed all their
sabres bare / Flashed…

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However, this poem goes one step further than to merely condemn the subject. Hardy
was always a melodist, and this poem is a fine example of his belief that man can
overcome the evils of war.


The poem is divided into three sections, each illustrating a different facet of a…

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To An Athlete Dying Young - A.E.
Housman
The time you won your town the race
We chaired you through the market-place;
Man and boy stood cheering by,
And home we brought you shoulder-high.
To-day, the road all runners come,
Shoulder high-high we bring you home,
And set you at…

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And lures from cities and from fields,
To sell their liberty for charms
Of tawdry lace, and glittering arms;
And when Ambition's voice commands,
To march, and fight, and fall, in foreign lands.
I hate that drum's discordant sound,
Parading round, and round, and round:
To me it talks of…

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"Recruiting" shows that the reality of war is different to the propaganda recruitment, the
poem contains bitter criticism of the politicians who sent the soldiers off to war and the
journalists who write about it. The poem comments on the recruitment drive in Britain;
taking issue in particular with posters…

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THERE they go marching all in step so gay!
Smooth-cheeked and golden, food for shells and guns.
Blithely they go as to a wedding day,
The mothers' sons.

The drab street stares to see them row on row
On the high tram-tops, singing like the lark.
Too careless-gay for courage,…

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A bohemian is someone who is
unconventional, rebellious and
does not conform.

The poem discusses the
different people who join up to
the army satirizing the
punishments the soldiers
received for not wearing the
correct uniform. The
individuality of the soldiers is
erased. The soldiers who
"burnished brasses, earned
promotions"…

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IMAGERY AND LANGUAGE

Image Type of Effect
image


"Barely escaping hanging, Alliteration The poet satirizes the punishments
indeed hardly able" for not wearing the correct uniform
exaggeration


"others burnished Alliteration Emphasises the action of polishing
brasses, earned brass as an act that "earned
promotions" promotions"


"While others argued of Alliteration…

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cared. The poem builds sympathy for both the mother and Jack; it also criticizes Jack's
comrades and the manner in which nervous soldiers were condemned. The speaker's tone
suggests the disgust he feels for way in which the soldier was treated and thought of. Like
the mother in "The Deserter",…

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