Women And Family

A great overview of the role of women and family in Nazi Germany,for Edexcel AS History Modern, Nazi Germany module

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  • Created on: 17-10-07 17:52
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Women and Family
The ideal role Hitler proposes for women in the Third Reich (quotes from Hitler's speech to
the National socialist women's section NSF Sept 1934):
Have lots of children (PRONATALIST) "...woman to risk her life to preserve this
important cell and to multiply it"
Future generation of Nazis (Thousand year Reich)
Produce lots of children for war
Justification for more lebensraum (living space) An expanding population was seen as a
sign od national strength and vigour, a reflection of Germany's aspiration to superpower
status. How could they demand lebensraum in Eastern Europe if the population is leveling
But only Aryan women encouraged to reproduce
Because it's what women are naturally built to do "Both sexes returned to the
respective spheres which an eternally wise providence had preordained for them"
Women need to be selfsacrificing and support men" the two worlds are not
antagonistic. They complement each other, belong together just as man and woman belong
together" (also discouraging homosexuality)
Women make sure that men can do his job "If the man's world is said to be the
state, his struggle, his readiness to devote his powers to the service of the community that
it may perhaps he said that the woman's in a smaller world. For her world is her husband,
her family, her children and her home", "the great world cannot survive if the smaller one is
not stable"
different "spheres" that complement each other
Nazi slogan towards women:
"Kinder, Kurche, Kuche" (Children, Church, Kitchen)
(Although church section was discouraged slightly as Nazis ruled)\
Discourage female employment and education (particularly university level)
Emphasis on domestic science, PE and Biology (to keep Germany racially pure)
Discourage intellectualism
Reduce unemployment figures
To discourage what was fashionable in the West:
Loose, demure clothes no trousers Wore trousers, make up, dyed hair
Hopes of having lots of children Hopes of becoming a doctor/professional
Raise lots of kids Wore high heels, didn't work at home
Look after her family Fashion conscious
Be a good homemaker, cook using leftovers
1934, Gertrud ScholtzKlinkwas appointed national women's leader of the third
Reichher task was to indoctrinate German womanhood.
ScholtzKlink organised the Frauenwerk organisations in which 4 million
women participated
She was in overall charge of the women's division of the Nazi labour
front which had 5 million members
Various Nazi organisations described as "surrogate emancipation" (by a
historian) included NSF (National Socialistische Frauenschaft National
Socialist Womanhood) and the DFW (Deutsches Frauenwerk German
Women's enterprise)yet the NSF and DFW were regarded as mere tools for the
propagation of the antifeminist ideology by means of cultural, social and educational
programmes. When a campaign started in the NSF for enhanced opportunities for

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Frauenwerk programme
5 million members of the Nazi labour front
Under ScholtzKlink's leadership, over 1.5 million women attended
maternity school and 500 000 women studied home economics between
The Nazi welfare organisation (NSV) had over 25 000 advice centres by
mid 1938
Increased Births
Key measures:
1933 marriage loans of up to 1000 RM (around a fifth of average worker's pay) on
the grounds that the wife could not work outside the home.…read more

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Increased births
19391 million more kids than in 1933
Birth rate increased in 193339 from 14.7 births per 1000 to 20.…read more

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All examples must be pre 1940 so be careful when using that women going back to
work because men at war which is post 1940
Try to decide whether success is genuine or based on fear or other factors
EXPAND points birth rates increased because post depression people had more
money and so felt more secure etc.…read more

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