Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Why did Stalin rise to power? (pg 55-70)

Key dates
1921
-March Tenth Party Congress, Kronstadt Rising, NEP
1922
-April Stalin becomes General Secretary
-May Lenin's first stroke
-December Lenin offers Trotsky a joint(lMaO) bloc for democracy, Lenin's
2nd stroke, triumvirate formed against Trotsky
1923
-January Lenin's postscript recommends Stalin's…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
1927
-October Stalin persuades Central Committee to expel Trotsky and
Zinoviev
-November Trotsky and Zinoviev expelled from Communist Party and
Kamenev from Central Committee
-December 15th Party Congress, Zinoviev and Kamenev end United
Opposition
1928
-January Trotsky deported to Turkestan
-July Stalin and Bukharin clash over collectivisation
-August Bukharin tries…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
See notes in folder (cba typing out same thing again in less detail)

Lenin's testament
Awareness of growing tensions concerned him
Proposed to create joint bloc with Trotsky against bureaucracy
Prevented by stroke
Outlined weaknesses and strengths of contenders
Added a postscript about removing Stalin
Urged Trotsky to launch campaign…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Stalin supervised this
Replaced Trotsky supporters with pro triumvirs
By end of 1923 Stalin controlled party machine at local level
ensured most of his nominees elected as delegates to future
congresses

Statement of the 46
July/August 1923 unofficial strikes in Moscow and Petrograd
Triumvirs blamed Workers' Opposition and called for…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Trotsky had been on his way to the Dead Sea to recover from illness
when Lenin died, he couldn't return in time for the funeral meaning he
missed it
More LO were demoted/dismissed
Lenin's widow revealed Testament
Clearly recommended that Stalin should be removed but Zand
K argued that he…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Jan 1925 triumvirs removed T as commissar of war anymore
controversy and he'd be removed from Politburo and Central
Committee
T given new post on Supreme Council of National economy
Began pointing out threat of US capitalism and argued for more
socialist planning to strengthen NEP and for comintern to…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Fierce debate in Dec 1925
T STILL SILENT JC even when Z referred to Testament
and warnings of Stalin's abuse of power
Stalin made sure majority supported him
Z defeated by 559 votes to 65
Congress elected Committee with Stalin/Bukharin supporters
Politburo centre-right majority
Z continued campaign in Leningrad
1926…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Central committee removed T from Politburo and Z as president
of Comintern
Z tried to back peddle
Conference confirmed expulsion of all 3
Krupskaya and Workers Opposition made peace

Defeat of the United Opposition
Newspapers continued attack on UO
Lower members lost jobs
April 1927 - T forced debate about…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Riots amongst peasants
Politburo told police to be harsh with those who don't hand over grain
April Committee use UO ideas against rich peasants (kulaks)
Introduced emergency measures ie grain requisitioning
Those too lenient towards kulaks were removed
T supporters thought Stalin had changed (hA HA)
Stalin tried to win…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »