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Vegetable Oils
Vegetable oils are a very concentrated source of energy.
Food is cooked in vegetable oils because they have a
much higher boiling point than water and so the food
cooks more quickly and its outside is made crispy.
However the food absorbs some of the oil so it is more
Vegetable oils are used as a replacement for animal fats
but they can be less useful as they are liquid. These
vegetable oils can be hydrogenated which results in them
having higher melting points and so be more solid at
room temperature. These are called hydrogenated
vegetable oils and are used in biscuit manufacture.
However the process can produce trans fatty acids, which
may cause health problems.…read more

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Vegetable Oils
The following is an extract from Nutritional
Information labels on oils sold by Tesco
Vegetable Olive Oil Sunflower Sesame Oil
Oil Oil
Fats (g)
100 100 100 100
Of which saturates
(g) 7.0 14.3 12.0 16.0
Monounsaturates (g)
61.0 73.0 23.0 40.0
Polyunsaturates (g)
31.0 8.2 65.0 44.0…read more

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Vegetable oils can be processed to make a fuel which has
similar properties to diesel, called Biodiesel.
Biodiesel is not a fossil fuel and so, in theory, is Carbon
Bioethanol is a substitute for petrol and is made from
cereals. The starch is hydrolysed to glucose and this is
fermented to form ethanol solution which is distilled to
give pure ethanol.
There is a conflict of interest between growing cereals for
food or fuel and this has pushed up the price of foods this
year as there is only a limited amount of arable land
available.…read more

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An emulsion is formed when small droplets of an oil are
dispersed through water.
To ensure that they stay separate chemicals are added
which are called emulsifying agents or emulsifiers.
Many of our foods are emulsions eg mayonnaise, ice
cream, milk…read more

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Vegetable oils as
C1b 5.5
How can we use vegetable
oils as a fuel?
© Cummins
Racing…read more

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