Using named examples, assess the relative importance of political, economic and social factors in explaining unequal access to technology. (15 marks)

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedict's Catholic School
13FRA
Using named examples, assess the relative importance of
political, economic and social factors in explaining unequal
access to technology. (15 marks)
All three factor's economic, social and political factors all play an important role in explaining the
technological advancement of a nation. I will evaluate the importance of these factors using a number
of different case studies including South Korea, China politics U.S.As and other HICs economic power
and the how social factors such as religion effects someone access to technology such as Mormons in
the west.
Communist nations such as China and North Korea restrict the amount of information available to the
people within their country this tactic is used to keep the people ignorant of the deprivation that is
going on within the country. Reporters face harassment and jail time for violating rules, and are
effectively pressured into "self-censorship." This means that people within North Korea are simply
unaware of the technology that they could have so they are unaware they are deprived so do not
choose to revolt. The lack of information also means that the Chinese education system is behind in
producing new technologies and developments. Corruption and war can also prevent a development
of a nation which would enable equality and therefore access to technology, this is occurring in Syria,
Iraq and Nigeria with money being spent fighting ISIS and other terrorist organisations. This is
compared to the political systems within the EU such as Germany, UK and Italy and the USA that have
free speech within the press. A government can also ban certain technology's research and practises
to occur within the country as they are not morally acceptable an example of this is the banning of
GM crops in most developed nations including the Uk, there is also a ban on cloning humans a
development that could have countless numbers of benefits.
Social factors I believe play a less important role in explaining unequal access to technology. People
who follow the Armish Christian religion deny themselves the use of modern technology such as cars,
phones and so forward this occurs in west American states mostly. However there is the argument
that this isn't even showing the unequal access as they can access technology like the rest of the
U.S.A but they simply choose not to. Access to contraception can be affected by the use of religion
and the position of women in society. This is occurring in Christian countries within Africa as in the
Christian religion any artificial form of contraception is banned, Christianity has been linked with the
spread of aids that I will talk about later in the essay. It can be argued that these are personal
choices, now one forces someone to be Armish then it cannot be an argument for inequality due to
the fact that its personal choice.
The development of a nation is the most important factor in explain the inequality in the assess of
technology in the world. It can be argued that inequality in technology is strongly linked with the
development gap between the rich north and the poor south. A key example of how LICs lack the
finances to give its nations people technology is when looking at AIDS both the prevention and the
curative medicine that is openly available in HICs such as the UK. This is not a problem unique to
people living with HIV it effects all people with serious life threatening conditions. This is caused by
the high cost of drugs (arguably caused by patents enforced by drug companies) and poor health
infrastructure. At the end of 2000, there were 36.1 million people living with HIV/AIDs in the world.
More than 95% of them lived in the developing world, it is estimated 800 people die from it each
day, the amount of people dying and suffering from aids is directly linked with GDP per capita in sub

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedict's Catholic School
13FRA
Saharan Africa and South Africa it is $500 and $400 respectively. Some developing country's
governments have the resources to pay for HIV/AIDS treatment such as Brazil for example. The
government in Brazil fully subsidizes the cost of many treatments for opportunistic infections for the
90,000 people living with AIDS in the country.…read more

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