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Urban Regeneration

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Property Led Regeneration ­ UDC's
This is often associated with Urban Development Corporations (UDC's)
set up in the 1980s and 1990s, such as the London Docklands
Development Corporation (LDDC). UDC's were given planning
approval powers over and above local authorities, and the focus was
on physical, economic and social regeneration of inner-city areas using
public money to attract private investment.
However, there has been criticism- for example; local people often
complained that they had no say in the developments taking place. In
the case of the LDDC, many of the new hi-tech jobs weren't suitable for
traditional East End dockland workers, who lacked appropriate skills.
Likewise, it is arguable that the affluent "yuppies" may have pushed house
prices beyond the reach of the original residents, who felt resentful that
their once close community is being divided beyond all recognition.…read more

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Achievements of the LDDC (1981-1996)
Physical Regeneration: Other developments include the Surrey
· Conservation groups have supported
Quays shopping complex and the ExCel
the environmental regeneration of the exhibition centre. Due to these new
area: 160,000 trees were planted, 17 improvements 120000 jobs have been
conservation areas were created and created and reducing unemployment in
several new parks were opened. The the area by 6.8%.
Thames Barrier Park, adjacent to Economic Regeneration:
Pontoon Dock, is an 8.9 hectare park · The national government had financed
intended to aid the regeneration of the . the Isle of Dogs Enterprise Zone, this
area by creating an attractive public had encouraged private investment by
space along with the new residential providing financial influence. London
and commercial developments. City Airport was built connecting the
Social Regeneration: City of London and the West End via
· Almost 8,000 local authority homes
the Docklands Railway. Property
were refurbished and owner-occupied developers were responsible for the
homes had risen from 5% to 40% in construction of buildings and Canary
this period of time. A post-16 college Wharf. These facilities attracted
and a new technology college was companies such as the Telegraph
constructed along with a national Newspaper Group and the New York
indoor sports centre and a marina for Stock Exchange.
water sports.…read more

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Partnerships between local and national
governments and private sector
Partnership schemes between local and
national governments and the private sector
are chiefly associated with:
· City Challenge partnerships, e.g. Hulme City
· Prestige project developments, e.g. Cardiff Bay
· Sustainable communities e.g. Greenwich
Millennium Village.…read more

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City Challenge Partnerships (CCP)
Case Study- Hulme City
City Challenge Partnership: Challenge:
City Challenge Partnerships were A well known example of CCPs is the £37.5m
based on a system of competitive Hulme City Challenge partnership in
Manchester, which brought together
bidding by local authorities who had organisations such as the Guinness
to develop imaginative and creative Trust, Bellway Homes and Manchester
ideas plans involved private sectors City Council. The crescents and deck-
and the community to gain access housing of the 1960s were
demolished, due to the alleyways being a
government funding. By the end of hotspot for crime, drug abuse and
1993, more than thirty CCPs had vandalism. These were replaced by
been established and by the end modern two storey homes and low rise
of1997 the government (Labour at flats with attractive squares and
the time) had been able to improve courtyards. A new community centre was
built, the Zion Arts centre provides young
over 40,000 homes. Three thousand people with dance and music facilities.
new businesses were also The main shopping centre was
established. Also, 53,000 jobs had completely refurbished with the addition
been created and nearly 2000 of an ASDA Supermarket.
hectares of derelict land had been
reclaimed.…read more

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Prestige project developments and
Sustainable Communities
Prestige Project
Development: Sustainable Communities:
These include water front These were initiated by the
developments such as those Labour Government under the
in Cardiff Bay, the rule of Tony Blair in the early
2000s. They are defined as
International Convention places where people want to
Centre in Birmingham and work both now and in the future.
the St. Stephen's They're intended to meet the
development in Kingston needs of existing and future
upon Hull. These are known residents, be sensitive to the
environment and contribute a
as `flagship projects', as high quality of life. They should
they involve the creation of be safe and be well built,
innovative and eye catching planned and ran. As well as
developments which aim to offering good opportunities and
lead to the regeneration of services for all.
such areas.…read more

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