Unit 1 - AS Edexcel Government and Politics Revision Notes on Elections

A very condesned set of notes for Unit 1.3 of Alevel Edexcel Politics

everything you need to know.

Have made notes on democracy&partipation, parties and pressure groups too

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Page 1

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Functions of an election:

An election allows the public to select who they want to represent their wishes in
Parliament and make decisions on our behalf
Holding government to account
Elections allow us to deliver our verdict on the current government and if we are
dissatisfied, we can…

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Do elections promote democracy in the UK?

Democracy is about choice; elections The choice on offer is limited to the
provide that choice mainstream parties, all offering similar
policies: that is not real choice
Elections are the best mechanism for Elections are not the best mechanism for

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First Past The Post:

To win a constituency seat, a candidate needs a simple majority of votes
Under FPTP...
1. Voters elect chosen candidates by ticking one candidate on the ballot paper
2. Winning candidates from each constituency take up their seats in the HOC and the party
with an…

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Every Voters have a connection to the
constituency political process ­ can express
has one MP views
Feel better represented
More participation = more like to
have a higher turnout, trust and
faith in political system

Voters select Voting is quick and easy, this may
one help turnout
candidate on…

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D Example of this: Problem because...

1951 Labour won Parliament is unrepresentative of the
48.8% of votes, will of the people
Conservatives won
48% of the votes
but Conservatives
won 26 more seats
1974 Labour won
37.2% of votes,…

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2005 Labour won It threatens both the legitimacy if the
the election with government and the theory of the
only 35.2% of the mandate
popular vote

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Page 8

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Labour voters are
concentrated in
North England, inner
cities, Scotland and
Conservative voters
are concentrated in
the South and
South West and
rural areas

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Page 10

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Many voters may feel unrepresented
and may not vote in the future,
affecting turnout.


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