Unit 1 - AS Edexcel Government and Politics Revision Notes on Democracy and Participation

A very condesned set of notes for Unit 1.1 of Alevel Edexcel Politics

everything you need to know.

Have made notes on elections, parties and pressure groups too

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Democracy and participation:
Democracy = a political system based on the idea that government should serve the interests of the
people.

Legitimacy = the extent to which a government has the right to rule and exercise power.

Power vs. Authority:

Power= the ability to make someone do something that they…

Page 2

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Direct democracy:

The people themselves directly make the important decisions which affect them
The people are directly consulted on political decisions
Action taken by the people shapes political decisions (via protests, e-petitions, strikes)
E-petitions:
10,000+ = written statement in response ­ forces government to be
accountable
100,000+ = eligible for…

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Representatives are accountable and Party representation prevents
therefore act responsibly representatives acting independently
Representatives may have superior Representative democracy is only `fair' if
experience to the general population elections are `fair



Representative democracy in the UK:

Mps represent their constituencies
E.g - Tom Brake = MP for Carshalton and Wallington…

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Features that conform Features that do not conform Mixed conformity

There are free regular and No codified and entrenched Elections by FPTP are seen
fair elections constitution as unfair
Government is accountable House of Lords and Head of Rights are protected by can
to the people and State is not…

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1975 National Should the UK remain part of the European The newly elected Labour government A large `yes' majority
community? were split over the issue
1997 Scotland Should Scotland have its own parliament An important constitutional change A large `yes' majority
with significant powers? with good turnout
1997 Wales Should…

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