Timeline of Roman Republic & Cicero 80-40BC

This is a complete, 20 page long very detailed timeline of Cicero's life and the Roman Republic from 80-40BC

Contains every important political event, political relationships and key policies etc

Hope it helps!

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Cicero Timeline

82BC SULLA'S DICTATORSHIP REFORMS:
Tribunate: made dead end job, no future office. Neutralised trouble
source
System of Standing Courts: juries to come from Senate and presided
over by Praetor
Power of Provincial Governors: limited power only one year, courts set
up to try power abuse by ex-governors, people's…

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Pompey was duly sent to Spain to deal with Sertorius, they fought and
Sertorius won twice until his murder by Perperna in 72BC

75BC:
Cornelius Cotta (Consul) rescinded Sullan law which stopped Tribunes
running for further office ­ made Tribunate useful path for young
politicians
Cicero stood for election as…

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Pompey's inexperience meant he couldn't use
Consulship fully
Pompey refused governorship at end of
Consulship and retired to `private life'
Cicero elected as Aedile ­ responsible for
Games & Food Supply (maintained by
Sicilian allies) = popularity with plebs

70BC VERRES TRIAL:
Verres returned from three year governorship in Sicily…

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Cicero joined support of Pompey (commands were effective way of
utilising Pompey's talents while he remained Senate-loyal)
Cicero needed Pompey's support for his election as Praetor & Pompey
wanted Cicero's oratorical talents to secure the command
Using Pompey, Cicero was elected Praetor (LETTER TO ATTICUS)

66BC:
Manilius was Tribune &…

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Cicero declared himself the true People's Populares and Labienus was
false Populares
Caesar came up with solution of `impasse' & flag was lowered on
Janiculum Hill, trial was suspended and never resumed
It appeared that Caesar didn't want a conviction or an acquittal
Rabirius was just unfortunately caught in an…

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Cicero as Consul, sent two armies after Catiline in the North, led by
Hybrida ­ Catiline refused to flee & was killed alongside rebels
Cicero spent rest of his lift justifying his actions & prepared
Consul-departing speech declaring himself Saviour of the Republic but
Nepo stopped him by saying that…

Page 7

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62BC THE FIRST TRIUMVIRATE:
Pompey, Crassus & Caesar
Pompey wanted second Consulship - ineligible
Deal worked with Senate - Piso (Pompey's legate) could stand as Consul
Important concession - Pompey vulnerable to attack from enemies in
court - had dismissed much of army but refused to hand over powers of…

Page 8

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Crassus' deal for clients in Asia - Equite tax collectors; Optimates
blocked
Caesar, Pompey & Crassus agreed `amicitia'; FIRST TRIUMVIRATE ­
hope Cicero would work for them but he declined
Senate powerless against `three headed monster' ­ powerful teamwork
`Amicitia' = Senate's making ­ tried to block Caesar's ambitions &…

Page 9

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wants to prosecute Caesar for his 59BC
actions ­ Triumvirs become increasingly
annoyed and look for ways to remove Cato
58BC REMOVAL OF CATO:
Optimates Praetors wanted to engineer
prosecution against Caesar ­ C responded by
haranguing all 10 Tribunes & made them
swear oath not to prosecute him while…

Page 10

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Cicero returned and rebuilt his career & life, made speech thanking
supporters in Senate, especially Pompey (also ridiculed Piso & Gabinius
for failure to control Clodius) Clodius & gangs were still a problem
Triumvirs reminded Cicero of their power, he should support them
(they were solely responsible for his recall…

Comments

Tanisha

Thank you so much for this. A great help :)

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