The Wartime Conferences

Summary of events and agreements at the three major Wartime Conferences during the Cold War: Tehran (November 1943), Yalta, (February 1945) and Potsdam (July 1945) as well as smaller conferences such as the Fourth Moscow conference, also known as the percentages agreement.

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The Wartime Conferences
There were three major Wartime Conferences; Tehran (November 1943), Yalta (February 1945) and Potsdam (July
1945), as well as many more smaller conferences.

The conferences focused on three key areas:

The state of the war
The status of Germany, Poland, Eastern Europe and Japan
The United Nations…

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oThese victories were at El Alamein, in North Africa, which was the British Army's first victory against
Germany
o The Battle of Stalingrad, which was a battle at what is now called Volgagrad, lasting 11 months.
The Germans were being forced to retreat on all sides; from the east by…

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The United Nations
The Americans were very keen to establish a replacement body for the League of Nations. Both the British
and Soviets gave their general approval to the idea.
Similar to the League of Nations, this new body was designed to settle international, disputes through
collective security.
The USA…

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The status of...

... Germany
Allied decision to disarm, demilitarise, de-Nazify and divide Germany. The agreement was to divide post-war
Germany into for occupation zones between the USA, USSR, the UK and France. The division was to be
temporary and Germany was to be run as one country.
An Allied…

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Stalin insisted that all 16 soviet republics have separate seats in the UN General Assembly. The US and UK
eventually agreed to seats for Russia, the Ukraine and Belarus


Conference Conclusions
Three main positive outcomes:

UN agreement
Soviet agreement to join the war in the Pacific against Japan
The `Big…

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there had been a free and democratic vote. Stalin's offer to include more London Poles within a predominately Lublin
led government did not appease Truman.

...Eastern Europe
Truman was not happy about the Percentages Agreement made at the 4th Moscow Conference in 1944 between
Churchill and Stalin. He did not…

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