First 290 words of the document:
The Thaw 1953-62
What was the impact of the death of Stalin on the Thaw?
On the evening of 1st March 1953, Stalin was discovered in his Kremlin rooms.
He was lying on the carpet in his pyjamas soaked in his own urine.
He had suffered a stroke.
His death followed 4 days later probably hastened by medicinal neglect.
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
Relations have improved, but there was still hostility between the two sides.
Who would replace Stalin out of the Politburo?
(Leading members of the Communist Party)
Beria (Head of the Secret Police and sexual predator. Believed responsible for the Katyn Massacre
1940). Accused of being a British agent; he was arrested and shot in 1953.
Malenkov, Prime Minister and Head of the Party ended his days managing a hydroelectric plant in
Khrushchev `moon faced idiot' son of a coal miner by 1957 he became leader, but eventually
became an embarrassment and died quietly in retirement.
Beria suggested having a united Germany
Malenkov's `New Course' saving money from war on raising standards of living
Peaceful coexistence Khrushchev
`There are only two ways either peaceful coexistence or the most destructive war in History'
Did the Soviet policy of `Peaceful Co-existence' develop because of changing personalities in the
The policy put forward by Khrushchev in the late 1950s that Capitalism and Communism should accept
the existence of the other, rather than use force to destroy each other. As a Communist, Khrushchev
believed that Capitalism would collapse eventually due to its own weaknesses. Thus, war with its
danger of nuclear devastation, was not worth the risk.