Khrushchev's 'peaceful coexistence' and the immediate impact it had on the thaw

a2 history with edexcel

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  • Created on: 29-06-12 12:59

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What was the immediate impact of Khrushchev's policy of `peaceful
To what extent did the foreign policy of Eisenhower and Dulles differ from that of Truman?
Khrushchev replaced Stalin as leader of the Soviet Union after Beria and Malenkov.
Malenkov coined the phrase `peaceful coexistence'.
In 1956 Khrushchev made a secret speech highly critical of aspects of Stalin's rule.
Khrushchev's approach within the Soviet Union became known as `de-Stalinisation'.
Khrushchev wanted to improve the Soviet economy by reducing military expenditure.
1. The first sign of `peaceful coexistence' following the death of Stalin was the ceasefire of
Korea in 1953
2. In 1945, Austria's fate looked bleak because the arrangements appeared to be set to be like
3. The agreement Khrushchev made with the West over Austria was the Austrian State Treaty
of 1955
4. Under the terms of the treaty, both the US and the USSR troops would be withdrawn
provided Austria remained neutral
5. By saying that he had swapped `boy pants for adults trousers', Khrushchev was indicating
that he was taking a more mature approach to international relations through negotiations
6. At the end of WW2, Finland agreed to pay $300 million in reparations to the USSR and lose
land along the border. Also, the USSR was given a 50-year lease to the Porkkala region
7. Khrushchev ameliorated these terms by withdrawing the Soviet presence from Porkkala
8. The agreements over Austria and Finland show that Khrushchev changed the nature of
superpower relations by using negotiations. He did not see the need to have control of
countries that weren't a threat to the Soviets and was willing to negotiate with the West
instead of taking military action to resolve situations
Khrushchev ­ how did he break with Stalin?
1. De-Stalinisation policies that Khrushchev introduced included releasing political prisoners and
investing in society
2. In his secret speech to the 20th Party Conference, Khrushchev criticised Stalin and said that he
murdered thousands of loyal Communists, including members of his own party
3. It might improve relations with the West because he made it clear his policies would differ
from Stalin
4. It might have also reduced tension with the satellite states in Eastern Europe. However, the
tension was increased because some of the people wanted to go against the Soviet Union


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