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Events of The Thaw

East Germany 1953

Following Stalin's death the Soviet leadership began to adopt a more moderate and
less oppressive system of governance; giving the USSR a chance to approach the west
in a new light
Lavrenti Beria , a potential leader of the USSR and long-serving head…

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Guatemalan coup d'état 18th -27June 1954:

The 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état (18­27 June 1954) was a covert operation carried out
by the United States Central Intelligence Agency that removed the democratically elected
President Jacobo Árbenz and ended the Guatemalan Revolution.
Guatemala had been ruled since 1930 by the dictator…

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France and Indochina

French Indochina was a federal collection of colonial states owned by the French.
It was condensed in the mid 1880's and early 1890's after a series of wars with
native inhabitants.
Several insurrections, encroachments from other powers and wars with
surrounding countries along the history of the…

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Warsaw Pact Formed, 14th May 1955

What was it?

The Warsaw Pact (formally the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance)
was the military compliment to their policy Comecon, which was established in retaliation
to the West's Truman Doctrine and Marshall Aid (the granting of economic aid to
countries within…

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government, led by Dr. Karl Renner and Leopold Figl, carefully and cleverly played upon
the East-West divide to gain independence in return for a promise of neutrality in 1955.
The Austrian State Treaty, signed at the Belvedere Palace in Vienna on 15 May 1955, was
one of the great achievements…

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Only agree reached was one on cultural exchanges of scientists, musicians and
artists between the USA and the USSR

Khrushchev's speech ­ 25th February 1956
Spoken to the 20 Congress of the Communist Party.
Highly critical of Stalin, particularly
regarding the purging of the Communist
Milestone in the…

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o Had no strategic use
o Was more of a burden than an asset
Molotov attempted to overrule this at a meeting of the Central Committee of the
Communist Party, but was defeated
1956: Porkkala returned to Finland

1950s/60s: Finland remained fairly neutral
USSR still able to exercise from…

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· This could be viewed as the USSR biding their time as they believe that the demise
of capitalism was inevitable
· This would also have pleased the West as a moderate leader would be viewed as
`Peaceful Coexistence'
· Khrushchev sensed the danger in a wave of disturbances sweeping…

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The space race ­ 1953-61:

-The space race was informal competition between the USA and USSR to launch
unmanned satellites, send people into space and land them on the moon
-The race officially began in 1955 when both the USSR and USA began building
missiles to help launch objects into…

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significant effects on international relations. The increasing tension of a potential nuclear
and complete destruction made positive co-operation improbable - both sides were
convinced of their own moral superiority and saw the other as untrustworthy. For
example, in 1955, Truman proposed the 'open skies' plan which would allow each side…


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