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The Parliament Acts





The powers of the House of Lords are limited by a combination of law and convention.
The Parliament Acts, although rarely used, provide a way of solving disagreement between
the Commons and the Lords.
Parliament Acts: background
Until the early years of the 20th century, the House…

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Bills not subject to the Parliament Acts
Bills prolonging the length of a Parliament beyond five years
Private Bills
Bills sent up to the Lords less than a month before the end of a session
Bills which start in the Lords
The Salisbury Convention
The Salisbury Convention ensures that Government…

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It confers jurisdiction on courts in the United Kingdom to try people for war
crimes committed in Nazi Germany or Germanoccupied territory during the
Second World War by people who were not British citizens at the time, but have
since become British citizens or residents. The legislation was enacted, as…

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had been invoked, as the House of Lords had rejected the bill six times, refusing to
accept the change in the electoral system proposed. The Parliament Acts are rarely
invoked, the European Parliamentary Elections Act was only the fifth statute since
1911 enacted under their provisions, and only the second…

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the measure was lost by twentyseven votes.[1][2] It transpired that thirtyeight Labour
MPs had opposed the motion. Immediately afterwards, MPs agreed on division (427
to 162) to reduce the age of consent for homosexual sexual activities to eighteen.[3]
The election of a Labour Government in 1997 afforded Parliament a further…

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introduced by Kevin McNamara in 1992 (Wild Mammals (Protection) Bill), by Tony
Banks in 1993 (Fox Hunting (Abolition) Bill), and by John McFall in 1995 (Wild
Mammals (Protection) Bill)--all of which failed to go on to become law.[7]
The Labour Party came to power in 1997 with a manifesto saying,…

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Attempts by prohunting groups (such as Jackson v Attorney General) to challenge
the Act by questioning the legality of the Parliament Act 1949 in the High Court and
Court of Appeal failed, and the ban took effect on 18 February 2005. The House of
Lords agreed with the lower courts…

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privately by the League Against Cruel Sports, were dropped[40] and a further two
cases which did reach court were thrown out at the conclusion of the prosecution
cases when the District Judges ruled that there was no case to answer.[41]
[edit]Sentence

A person guilty of an offence under this Act…

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[edit]Hunting below ground
Hunting below ground takes place with terriers. The Act outlaws hunting with terriers
(also known as terrier work) with a narrowly drawn exemption, described by the
Minister, Alun Michael MP as existing "for gamekeepers".[55] The Act requires that
any hunting below ground must comply with a number…

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