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The Modern State
Max weber says the modern state is a human community that successfully claims the
monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.

In other words the state is a

1. Created by people
2. The state can use force legitimately other violence in…

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influence. They say the state arbitrates ( settles arguments) between
competing interest groups, but it's neutral itself.

2. Pluralists say the modern state is democratic because of the multiparty
system, and because of the participation of interest and pressure groups.


Dahl (1961)

Looked at the role of interest groups in…

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3. Ideology a set of ideas by which the state gains approval and consent by
persuading people to accept ruling class values.

Neo Marxist Gramsci (18911937)

Called this kind of domination hegemony. Gramsci, Althusser and populantzas
all extend the definition of the state to other institutions which pass on values…

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3. The influence of neoliberal thinking, along new right ideas, can be seen in
the conservative governments of Mrs Thatcher which privatised state
industries, lowered taxation and reduced universal benefits.

4. The traditional challenge to the neoliberal view is the reformist socialist view
the view that the state should intervene…

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2. There's a trend towards internationalism of politics, which has reduced
the influence of nation states. For example, some important decisions are
taken by the European union rather than by its member states.


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