[Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Socialism

All about the Socialist political ideology


  • What is socialism
  • History of socialism
  • Attlee's government
  • Blairism
  • New Labour vs Old Labour
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Preview of [Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Socialism

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Socialism Jason Tran
Socialism Liberalism Conservatism
A reaction to the industrial
Derived from the French
revolution ­ rejected idea that Reaction to a feudal society - idea
Revolution and wanted the
the wealthy `deserve their that the government should be
government to be strong and
wealth' because they created it. responsible and focus on the
stable ­ thought that wealth
Government should focus on individuals
inequality is just nature
society as a whole
Socialism is all about:
A vision of society based on economic equality
Belief in co-operation and production for the benefit of all
Public ownership
The Socialist Ideology
Citizens are best served by policies which focus on meeting the basic needs of society as a whole rather
than serving the needs of individuals
The principles of Socialism:
Humankind should be united and cooperative. Its wealth
should be used for the common good ­ Capitalism exploits
people who create society's wealth
(Socialists hate Capitalism)
Division of the rich and the poor = evil ­ Fundamentally
unjust. An ideal future = Peace, social justice and true
liberty for all
Pre-war Socialism (Before 1945)
Everyone = Fundamentalist Socialists ­ Capitalism abolished and replaced by a system based on `collective
Post-war Social Democracy
Ideological identity of Labour party = deeply influenced by reforms of Attlee's Government (1945 ­ 1951)
Reforms slightly watered down hard line beliefs which gave birth to revisionist socialism.
Revisionist Socialism
Capitalism should be reformed through social & economic intervention through the government BUT NOT

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Socialism #2 1/3/12 S2
Big Post War Reforms (Attlee's Government)
1 Mixed Economy 2 Economic Management
Some industries nationalised Economy is managed by the Government. Keynes (an
(steel, railways, coal & gas) economist) said that governments could achieve full
employment and help economic growth by higher levels of
Some also became private as well public spending
3 Welfare State
Beveridge Report (1942) highlighted social problems. After this report, the government introduced the
NHS & progressive taxation.…read more

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Socialism #3 1/3/12 S3
Equality and the redistribution Collectivism in its various forms,
of income through tax & trade unionism, nationalisation &
welfare the welfare state
What did Labour
Traditionally Stand for?
State socialism ­ the role of
High taxation & the state in planning, public
public expenditure ownership & redistribution
Old Labour vs.…read more

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Socialism #4 1/3/12 S3
Blairism & The Nature of the New Labour party has been interpreted in 3 ways:
1. Thatcherism with a Human face
Continuation but nicer (since there's the NHS & Welfare state)
2. The Third Way
Blairism has been interpreted as a distinctive ideological and policy development
3.…read more


Old Sir

This is a useful overview of the development of social democracy in the UK after 1945. Students looking at this should also look carefully at the era of Conservative governments, 1979 - 97 in order to understand the end of post-war consensus in key economic areas.

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