[Edexcel] Unit 1 Government & Politics: Political Ideologies - Socialism

All about the Socialist political ideology


  • What is socialism
  • History of socialism
  • Attlee's government
  • Blairism
  • New Labour vs Old Labour
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Socialism Jason Tran

Socialism Liberalism Conservatism
A reaction to the industrial
Derived from the French
revolution ­ rejected idea that Reaction to a feudal society - idea
Revolution and wanted the
the wealthy `deserve their that the government should be
government to be strong and
wealth' because they created it.…

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Socialism #2 1/3/12 S2

Big Post War Reforms (Attlee's Government)

1 Mixed Economy 2 Economic Management
Some industries nationalised Economy is managed by the Government. Keynes (an
(steel, railways, coal & gas) economist) said that governments could achieve full
employment and help economic growth by higher levels of
Some also…

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Socialism #3 1/3/12 S3

Equality and the redistribution Collectivism in its various forms,
of income through tax & trade unionism, nationalisation &
welfare the welfare state

What did Labour
Traditionally Stand for?

State socialism ­ the role of
High taxation & the state in planning, public
public expenditure ownership &…

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Socialism #4 1/3/12 S3

Blairism & The Nature of the New Labour party has been interpreted in 3 ways:

1. Thatcherism with a Human face
Continuation but nicer (since there's the NHS & Welfare state)

2. The Third Way
Blairism has been interpreted as a distinctive ideological and policy development…


Old Sir


This is a useful overview of the development of social democracy in the UK after 1945. Students looking at this should also look carefully at the era of Conservative governments, 1979 - 97 in order to understand the end of post-war consensus in key economic areas.

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