The aims for the 15 core studies

Aims of the 15 core studies (OCR G542)

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Approach Study Aim
To see the effect of leading questions on memory of
Cognitive Loftus & Palmer an event. Specifically, if changing the verb used in a
question would have any effect on speed estimates.
a-this study attempted to provide support for a
cognitive explanation of autism, specifically that
adults lack advanced theory of mind skills (the ability
Baron Cohen et al to predict the thoughts or behaviour of another
b-to investigate whether females would be better on
this test of theory of mind than males.
To study the language acquisition of two pygmy
Savage Rumbaugh et al chimpanzees compared with two `common'
To challenge Piagets findings on the ability to
Developmental Samuel and Bryant
conserve by altering the method used.
To investigate the mechanisms of Social Learning
Theory. The investigation focused on the possibility
Bandura, Ross and Ross that behaviours learnt by children by imitation in one
setting could be repeated in a different setting even
when the model is not present.
To report the findings of the treatment of a
five-year-old boy for his phobia of horses.
To investigate whether changes could be detected in
the brains of London taxi drivers and to further
Physiological Maguire et al
investigate the functions of the hippocampus in
spatial memory.
To investigate the relationship between eye
Dement and Kleitman
movements and dreaming.
To investigate the effects of hemisphere
Sperry deconnection and to show that each hemisphere has
different functions.
To investigate what level of obedience participants
Social Milgram would show when an authority figure told them to
administer electric shocks to another person.
To investigate the effect of several variables on
Piliavin, Rodin and Piliavin
helping behaviour
To test the hypothesis that psychiatrists cannot
reliably tell the difference between people who are
Individual sane and those who are insane.
Differences 1-to see if sane individuals can be diagnosed as
insane and admitted to a psychiatric hospital
2-To see if the insane can be diagnosed as sane
To provide an account of the treatment of a 25year
Thigpen and Cleckley old woman who was referred to Thigpen and Cleckley
because of `severe and blinding headaches'
To investigate cognitive bias involved in gambling

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