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The 1850 Compromise

BACKGROUND

*The Texas Annexation resolution had required that if any new states were formed out of
Texas' lands, those north of the Missouri Compromise line would become free states

*After the United States won vast southwestern territories from Mexico in 1848,
Congress was faced with the question…

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1. California was admitted as a free state. It passed 15056.
2. The slave trade was abolished (the sale of slaves, not the institution of slavery) in
the District of Columbia.
3. The Territory of New Mexico (including presentday Arizona) and the Territory of
Utah were organized under the rule…

Page 3

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b) HOW NORTHERNERS WORKED TO UNDERMIME THE FUGATIVE SLAVE
ACT

*Many vigilance committees sprung up in Northern communities to help endangered
blacks escape to Canada

* During the 1850s nine Northern states passed new personal liberty laws, by doing so
forbidding the use of state jails to imprison alleged fugitives,…

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