AS History OCR: Origins of the American Civil War Part 1

A powerpoint covering key events leading up to the American Civil War - there were too many events to cover on one powerpoint, so I will make another one with the second half of events soon. :) Hope this helps! 

P.S, Sorry for the lack of pictures, I did originally include some but they made the file size too large :( 

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OCR AS HISTORY: Origins of the
American Civil War
Key Events: Part 1…read more

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Invention of the Cotton Gin
Northern businessman Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, a
machine which increased the productivity of cotton, making
it very profitable. It soon became the main crop grown on
Southern plantations, and was nicknamed `King Cotton'.
The cotton gin caused slavery to become more important in
the South, which caused sectional tension between the North
and South as many Northerners disagreed with slavery.…read more

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Louisiana Purchase
President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory
from France for $15 million. This caused the size of the US to
double overnight, adding 828,000 sq miles. It also opened up
new fertile land, and Northerners and Southerners moved
westwards and settled there.
The question of whether slavery should be allowed in the
new land caused sectional tension between the North and
South.…read more

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Missouri Compromise
The Missouri compromise was the first sectional argument between
the North and South, over whether Missouri should be able to join the
Union as a slave state. Missouri entered the North as a slave state, and
Maine was created as a free state, restoring the balance between the
North and South. The Missouri Compromise line was created, which
banned slavery above the 36,30 line and permitted slavery below the
Sectional tension was created by the compromise as the balance
between free and slave states was upset. Northerners were also
unhappy with the compromise as although it forbade slavery below
the line, it did not stop slavery completely.…read more

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Emergence of the Abolitionists
A more stringent abolitionist movement developed. William
Lloyd Garrison emerged as the leader. He was convinced
that slavery was a sin and demanded immediate abolition.
In 1831 he introduced the abolitionist journal, The Liberator.
Abolitionists were determined to stop slavery, and this
angered the South, who mistook all Northerners for
abolitionists. In reality, many Northerners disagreed with
abolitionism.…read more

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Nullification Crisis
The Tariff of 1828 taxed imports into America to protect American
manufacturing. South Carolina declared the tariff null and void and
threatened to secede should they be forced to comply. President Andrew
Jackson called this an act of rebellion, but agreed to reduce the tariff over the
next 10 years. South Carolina still wouldn't comply, so Jackson threatened
military force, and eventually South Carolina agreed. This was the first
conflict between state rights and federal government.
The North was angered by the crisis as they disagreed that a state could
ignore a law. The South was angered as they believed that the government
was favoring the North by enforcing high tariffs.…read more

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Studying, Revising e.t.c


Thank you so much! :)

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