The restoration settlement

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The Restoration Settlement
The restoration settlement refers to the legislation that was passed and the
constitutional arrangements put in place between 16601664. There was no structure
to the settlement. Because of political circumstances, the legislation was arrived at by
the Convention of 1660 and the Cavalier Parliament elected in early 1661. The
membership, attitudes and priorities were very different of these two bodies. Charles II,
having been abroad for so long knew very little about the country and its needs and this
resulted in him not providing decisive leadership.
The Indemnity
Many who had brought about the restoration had fought against Charles I so were
therefore open to be charged with treason. And the army was unlikely to agree to
disband unless it had immunity from the crimes it had committed. Charles already
agreed to a general pardon in his Declaration of Breda and he left parliament to decide
who should be excluded from this. Only the regicides and 29 other were exempted and
in the end only 13 executed. This lenient piece of legislation helped reconcile many to
the restored monarchy and helped heal the wounds of the civil war.
Land Settlement
During the intergrum he crown, church and royalist supporters had lost large amount of
their land. All dispossessed groups now expected their lands to be restored. Royalists
who had suffered exile and heavy taxation expected compensation and a reward for
their loyalty. Charles realised the danger of this problem and left it to parliament. Crown
estates that had been confiscated were returned and church land tenant were
compensated. Parliament made the final call and decided if the land was confiscated
politically hen the owner could get it back if they pleaded through the courts.
The Army
The 40,000 strong army was still a major threat to stability. It was expensive and held
dangerous radical elements. Monk took the responsibility for its demobilisation and
guaranteed all arrears in pay would be settled through monthly instalments. The
soldiers had already been given immunity from prosecution promised to them by
Charles II in the declaration of Breda. As a final gesture to help reabsorb them into
civilian life, they were given permission to practise trades without serving an
apprenticeship. A couple of regiments were detained and Charles was given control of
the militia.
Royal Power
The convention parliament (the one that invited Charles II to take the English throne)
didn't want to upset Charles so they didn't ask questions about the extent of his

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It did consider which laws from the 1640's should remain, but the
question wasn't resolved and the House of Lourdes even blocked a bill aimed to
safeguard fundamental laws and parliamentary privilege. The result was Charles
restored with lots of the monarchy's powers intact, for example, he could call and end
parliament as he wished.
The Cavalier parliament met in May 1661 and when it first met Charles was still
nervous due to the plots against him.…read more

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Claridon Code enforced a much more narrow church. The Claridon code formed part of
the religious settlement.…read more


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