First 460 words of the document:
The Convention Parliament
What reforms did the convention parliament introduce?
The Act of Pardon,Indemnity and Oblivion
They dealt with the processing of the Declaration of Breda.
They invited the King to return.
They set up the Settlement;
· Land settlement - deciding who would keep the land confiscated from Royalists.
· Army Settlement - Disbanding the army and trying to get end arrears of pay.
· Constitution Settlement - Ordinances would be illegal, end of Triennial Act.
· Financial Settlement - £1.2 million granted to Charles.
· Religious Settlement - Restoration of the Church of England
Was the convention Parliament a success or not?
The Convention Parliament had a lot of successes not least of all the Restoration
Settlement which appeared to be both generous towards Royalists and the King himself.
It broadly appeased the majority of people because it called for settlement and the
stability that had been lacking in society for some years. It successfully brought back the
monarchy with little to no opposition and resolved many of the problems that had dogged
the protectorate and Rump. The army paid and disbanded, land disputes were settled and
the King was given what was seen as a generous income on which to live. However the
settlement was not perfect and inevitably there were problems; many of Charles most
loyal subjects during his exile felt they were now being mistreated and some had lost their
homes, the King's financial settlement was not sufficient for his needs and the religious
settlement was seen by many as being too narrow.
How was the Convention Parliament viewed by the public?
Many questioned the Convention Parliament and its power because it hadn't been called
by a monarch. Therefore did it really have the authority to set up the settlement and tell
Charles what to do. However it was Charles himself that sorted out this problem by
confirming that the Convention Parliament did indeed have legitimacy, although it wasn't
long before a new Parliament was called anyway. Many people were fed up with
Parliaments that had had too much power although small pockets of Republican protests
continued up until after the Restoration of Charles in May 1660. This new Parliament was
more representative of the nations feelings as a whole as it contained more Royalist
sympathisers and Royalist MP's although the amount of Presbyterians taking up their
seats was viewed by many as concerning. The issue of Presbyterian MP's would be
addressed later by Charles's government when many were barred from becoming MP's in
the Cavalier Parliament.