Surgery Timeline

List of 27 years and events which happened in Surgery - c1500 - to the present day- GCSE Edexcel History Surgery.. Please rate and comment on any events and Dates missing. :)

I also found another timeline with different and more detailed surgical events :) =

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  • Created by: Sara
  • Created on: 04-06-11 18:26
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1575 ­ Ambroise Pare published his work
1799 ­ Humphrey Davy noticed that laughing gas dulled pain
1818 ­ James Blundell performed the fist human to human blood
1840 ­ Samuel Lane performed the first whole blood transfusion
but was unsuccessful as antiseptics and blood groups were not
discovered yet
1846 ­William Morton (US Dentist) used ether to anaesthetise a
patient in the USA.
1846 ­DR Warren performed the first operation using ether in the
1846 ­ Liston used ether during an amputation (Britain)
1847 ­ James Simpson used chloroform in childbirth
1847 ­ Ignaz Semmelweiss tried to reduce infections passed on the
women in childbirth by insisting that doctors washed their hands
between patients
1848 - Hannah Greener died while receiving chloroform.
1853 - Queen Victoria received chloroform during childbirth.
1860 ­ Pasteur's germ theory
1860 ­ Joseph Lister read about Pasteur's work on germs
1865 ­ 1970 ­ Black period
1867 ­ Lister began to use carbolic acid to kill germs when
1867 - Lister used carbolic acid.
1870 ­ Carbolic spray was used
1877 - Lister became Professor of Surgery at King's College
Hospital, London, and publicised his ideas about antiseptics.

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­ Koch identified the bacterium that causes blood poisoning
and this helped to convince many people that Lister was right &
that microbes do cause infections.
1878 - Koch developed the steam steriliser
1880 ­ All operating theatres & hospitals were being cleaned a lot
1884 ­ Cocaine used as local anaesthetic
1887 ­ All instruments were steam sterilised
1887 ­ Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that caused septicimea
and that super heated steam killed more germs than carbolic acid.…read more

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­ Curare first used as a muscle relaxant
1943 ­ Artificial kidney machines
1953 ­ Heart-lung machines
1967 ­ First heart transplant by the surgeon Christiaan Barnard…read more


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