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1575 Ambroise Pare published his work
1799 Humphrey Davy noticed that laughing gas dulled pain
1818 James Blundell performed the fist human to human blood
1840 Samuel Lane performed the first whole blood transfusion
but was unsuccessful as antiseptics and blood groups were not
1846 William Morton (US Dentist) used ether to anaesthetise a
patient in the USA.
1846 DR Warren performed the first operation using ether in the
1846 Liston used ether during an amputation (Britain)
1847 James Simpson used chloroform in childbirth
1847 Ignaz Semmelweiss tried to reduce infections passed on the
women in childbirth by insisting that doctors washed their hands
1848 - Hannah Greener died while receiving chloroform.
1853 - Queen Victoria received chloroform during childbirth.
1860 Pasteur's germ theory
1860 Joseph Lister read about Pasteur's work on germs
1865 1970 Black period
1867 Lister began to use carbolic acid to kill germs when
1867 - Lister used carbolic acid.
1870 Carbolic spray was used
1877 - Lister became Professor of Surgery at King's College
Hospital, London, and publicised his ideas about antiseptics.
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Koch identified the bacterium that causes blood poisoning
and this helped to convince many people that Lister was right &
that microbes do cause infections.
1878 - Koch developed the steam steriliser
1880 All operating theatres & hospitals were being cleaned a lot
1884 Cocaine used as local anaesthetic
1887 All instruments were steam sterilised
1887 Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that caused septicimea
and that super heated steam killed more germs than carbolic acid.…read more
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Curare first used as a muscle relaxant
1943 Artificial kidney machines
1953 Heart-lung machines
1967 First heart transplant by the surgeon Christiaan Barnard…read more