Timeline of Surgery and Anatomy

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 26-11-13 17:59
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  • Key developments in Surgery and Anatomy
    • 200
      • Galen said that blood passes through the septum and the heart pumps t to the muscles where it is burned up.
      • He also discovered that arteries carry blood and that urine is formed in the bladder.
    • 1519
      • Leonardo da Vinci made detailed drawings of the heart.
        • These drawings weren't found until 1850.
    • 1250
      • Ibn an Nafis said blood doesn't go through the septum and it is pumped through the lungs.
    • 1530
      • Pare used threads to tie vessels (ligatures).
      • Pare also designed artificial limbs and found a new way to treat gunshot wounds.
    • 1542
      • Vesalius - "Fabric of the Human Body" was written and he corrected some of Galen's work as he said that blood doesn't go through the septum.
    • 1616
      • William Harvey realised that Galen was wrong about the blood being burned up by the muscles.
    • 1628
      • Harvey published his book titled "Anatomical Account of the motion of the Heart and Blood". Proving how blood went around the body.
    • 1799
      • Humphry Davy discovered the anaesthetic properties of nitrous oxide.
    • 1847
      • Ignaz Semmelweiss explained what caused the disease of puerperal fever.
      • James Simpson was the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
    • 1842
      • Crawford Long experimented using ether as an anaesthetic.
    • 1865
      • Joseph Lister used carbolic acid to spray his instruments and bandages.
    • 1889
      • William Halstead developed more methods for hygiene in hospitals.
    • 1895
      • Wilhelm Rontgen discovered X-Rays.
    • 1901
      • Karl Lansteiner identified blood groups.
    • 1903
      • William Einthoven developed the electrocardiograph (ECG) (monitors heart rate).
    • 1910
      • Hans Christian Jacobaeus performed the first keyhole surgery.
    • 1913
      • Richard Lewisohn realised that sodium citrate stopped blood clotting.
    • 1940s
      • Archibald McIndoe rebuilt faces of airman which was early plastic surgery.
    • 1950
      • William Bigelow performed the first open-heart surgery.
    • 1953
      • Crick and Watson discovered DNA
    • 1967
      • Christian Barnaard perforered the first heart transplant.
    • 1972
      • John Charnley developed him replacements.


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