Surgery - Replacing/Controlling blood loss/Infection

Key Info Medicine + surgery.


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Early attempts to control infection

Ignaz Semmelweiss worked at Vienna General Hospital in Austria. In 1846 he was concerned that the
death rate among women in childbirth was higher in the hospital, in the ward were medical students
were involved, than in home births or in wards where midwives delivered…

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Although Lister's ideas were quickly accepted in Germany and the USA, many doctors in Britain were
at first unconvinced and joked about `Mr Lister Germs'. Some doctors did not accept his ideas as the
microbes could not be seen with a microscope. Using a carbolic acid solution slowed down the…

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This has always been a major problem in surgery. Bleeding makes it difficult for the surgeon to see
what he is doing. But there is also the problem that if a patient loses too much blood, his blood
pressure drops, which affects his heart and then his body…

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In WW1 surgeons often treated wounded soldiers close to the front line of fighting where difficult
conditions and large numbers of injuries put them under pressure. Surgeons therefore gained a great
deal of experience and sometimes had to improvise new techniques. In this way, war can be said to


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