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What does superpower
`Capacity to project dominating power and influence anywhere in the world' and by gaining power
a country may become a hegemon
The British Empire disappeared after the war due to want for independence
The Soviet union collapsed in 1991 breaking into 15 separate states
Only the USA remains a major world power
Within 60 years, BRIC's could become superpowers
Defining a superpower ­ physical size, resources, population, economic power, military and belief
systems.…read more

Slide 2

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Physical size & geographical
Russia is largest country and covers a vast area
Physical size is important as it helps determine the area over which a country has
Future of the Arctic and resources there lies in hands of Russia and Canada ­ they're
the largest countries bordering it
Russia's relationship with neighbours is complex, there's 14 and each are different.
Norway is a liberal state whereas China is communist. Russia exert influence in
different ways.…read more

Slide 3

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Some critical to economic development. Iron ore for steel industry, oil, gas and coal for
industry, but reserves don't always mean superpower status
Many reserves in hands of TNC's and Australia exports most of its iron ore and gains little of
the value.
Only when countries withhold production and create shortages do their resources provide
means of influence:
Middle East threatens to withhold oil supplies unless prices increase and Russia threatens
to cut supplies of gas to Ukraine and Europe.…read more

Slide 4

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Population size
Economic growth can only be maintained with sufficient workforce
Since 1990's, UK used immigration to supplement domestic workforce in areas of
shortages like doctors or farmers
China and India use huge workforce for cheap labour
Countries in EU have access to 550 million, much larger than individual populations
and therefore provides a large market to spur economic growth
Large populations not crucial though ­ Singapore has half the population of London
but controls South-East Asia's economy due to low tax and being a Export
Processing Zone where not tariffs are payable, attracting businesses.…read more

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Economic power and
World's 12 largest economies in 2007 influence what happens in global economy and between
- Earn 68% of GDP and spend the most too. 4 highest spending nations are USA, Germany, UK
and Japan and between them 4, they earn half of the global GDP
- Control investment. In 2005, half of global investment passed through London, creating jobs
in financial sector
- Have the world's most powerful currencies. EU and USA between the, produce 59% of global
GDP, their currencies are `safe'
- Determine economic policies which affect the world by joining organisations or creating
trade blocs
The world's 20 largest economies donate most aid to world's poor…read more

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Military force
Historically a major influence which have a major influence in determining political
Some organisation try and balance military influence, the UN is responsible for
world peace
UN security council consists of USA, UK, France, Russia and China. It approves
military action when needed. Permanent membership is based on who had
nuclear weapons in 1970's…read more

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