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Types of European Law
· There are four main types of European law:
­ The Treaties
­ The Directives
­ Regulations
­ Decisions.


· The final court of appeal for any matter involving
European law is the Court of Justice.

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The Treaties

· The Treaties are often used together to form a
type of constitution for the European Union.

· Many of the rules governing European law are
found in the EC Treaty (the name for the
Treaty of Rome since 1993).

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Directives
· The European Union has the right to issue directives
under Article 249 (ex 189) of the EC Treaty. [The
term ex 189 means that this was the Article's
number under the original Treaty of Rome.]

· A directive must not break a Treaty. If a directive is
against…

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Introducing Directives

· Member States must pass their own laws within a
time limit to implement the directive.

· How the Member States introduce the directive in
their own country is up to them. This enables each
Member State to introduce it in the way that they
believe will suit…

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UK and Directives


The United Kingdom implements directives by
passing statutes or a statutory instruments.

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Regulations
· These are laws made by the European Union under
Article 249 (ex 189) of the EC Treaty.

· Regulations automatically apply in each member state
and do not require a member state to pass their own laws
to introduce them.

· A regulation must not break a Treaty.…

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Decisions
· These are issued under Article 249 (ex 189) of
the EC Treaty by the different institutions
(such as the Commission, etc.).

· No institution can issue a decision unless it
has been given the power to do so under a
Treaty (usually the EC Treaty).

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Decisions
· Decisions are addressed to specific people or
organisations or member states and have the
force of law.

· They automatically apply and do not require a
member state to pass their own laws to
introduce them.

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Decisions


A decision must not break a Treaty. If a
decision is against a Treaty then the Court of
Justice can annul it.

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