Sociology of Education key terms

Glossary of terms for Sociology of Education

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SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION KEY TERMS
ACHIEVED STATUS
A position in society that a which individuals gain through their own efforts, rather
than being born into it.
ASCRIBED STATUS
A status assigned to individuals on the basis of family or biological characteristics.
ANTI SCHOOL CULTURE
Groups of students who actively oppose the norms and values of the school.
CATCHMENT AREA
An admissions policy to schools based on where you live.
CITY ACADEMIES
Schools which under New Labour have been closed down and reopened with
funding and control from private business.
COMPENSATORY EDUCATION.
Making more resources available to schools in poorer areas to compensate for
deprivation.
COMPREHENSIVE
A school which accepts all students, regardless of background and ability.
CULTURAL DEPRIVATION
Inadequacies in the socialisation process, and the impacts they might have on
achievement.
DETERMINISTIC
The view that a particular outcome is inevitable.
DIFFERENTIATION
The process of providing different work to different aptitudes in mixed ability
classrooms.
ELEVEN PLUS
An intelligence test which would be sat at the end of primary school which
determined what school a child would attend under the tripartite system.
EDUCATIONAL ACTION ZONES
Inner city areas which are targeted with additional funding which can be spent in
imaginative ways to enrich educational provision.
FURTHER EDUCATION
Post compulsory education.
GRAMMAR SCHOOLS
The schools which under the tripartite system, admitted those whose eleven plus
indicated academic ability.
HIGHER EDUCATION
Education which occurs at university level including degrees and national diplomas.
HIDDEN CURRICULUM
The informal learning of particular values and attitudes in schools.
IQ TESTS
Supposedly objective tests that establish a persons intelligence.
LINGUISTIC DEPRIVATION
Inadequacies and limitations in a persons language that may undermine educational
success.
LIBERAL EDUCATION

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A movement in education that argues that students should be exposed to a wide range of
academic disciplines to produce rounded critical thinkers.
MATERIAL DEPRIVATION
Lack of money that leads to disadvantages such as unhealthy diest, poor housing,
lack of educational resources.
MARKETISATION
The move towards educational provision being determined by market forces and
creating competition between schools
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION.
Education that recognises cultural diversity.…read more

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Aiste - Team GR

VERY HELPFUL !

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