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SOCIAL INEQUALITY ­ WEBERIANISM ­ GENERAL

Outline and assess Weberian explanations of social inequality [40]
Max Weber has been described as the 'ghost of Marx'

He agreed with Marx that the ownership of property and capital were important
dimensions of privilege within society, however not the only dimensions

Weber argued…

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Weber party

Parties are groups which are concerned with exercising power of influencing decision
making

Parties are therefore believed to be much broader than conventional political parties;
parties include groups such as trade unions and pressure groups

Some parties are linked to the interests of particular classes, for example many…

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SOCIAL INEQUALITY ­ WEBERIANISM ­ SOCIAL CLASS

Outline and assess Weberian explanations of class inequality [40]
Max Weber has been described as the 'ghost of Marx'

He agreed with Marx that the ownership of property and capital were important
dimensions of privilege within society,…

Page 4

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Believes there are negatively privileged groups within society, for example the
underclass or working class

The more privileged groups can use social exclusion to stop other groups from gaining
their privileges, such as wealth and status

The upper class are known for doing this to the lower classes, particularly through…

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SOCIAL INEQUALITY ­ WEBERIANISM ­ GENDER

Outline and assess Weberian explanations of gender inequality [40]
Max Weber has been described as the 'ghost of Marx'

He agreed with Marx that the ownership of property and capital were important
dimensions…

Page 6

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Vertical segregation ­ describes men's domination of the highest-ranking of jobs in both
traditionally male and even traditionally female occupations; the glass ceiling is used to
explain this ­ women often face barriers in the workplace, preventing them from
promotion

Supported by Kelly who found that there was masculine bias…

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Stanko showed how women often experience sexual harassment at the hands of men in
jobs which are typically male dominated

However Hakim believes women have more choice and opportunity in where they can
work; they do not have to feel the restraints of working in male-dominated jobs, they
can instead…

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Barron & Norris

Proposed the dual labour market theory

The workforce is divided into two sectors;

The primary sector: good working conditions, good pay, work place
benefits e.g. pensions

The secondary sector: poor conditions, low pay, lack of benefits

Ethnic minorities are more likely to be found in the secondary…

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One characteristic of the underclass is their inability to 'escape' from it, mainly because
of the newly developed employment policies, laws and labour markets

This therefore leaves the black underclass being made up of people who feel
marginalised, alienated and frustrated

Murray refutes this, believing we should not victimise the…

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