Weberianism theories of inequality

  • Created by: jesskeayy
  • Created on: 14-06-17 19:44
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  • Weberian theories of inequality
    • Society is organised in a hierarchy, with the weak and powerless being dominated by the powerful
    • Class Power: Unequal access to wealth in society
    • Status: Respect. We respect those that we view as socially superior to us. i.e The pope is not wealthy but has religious respect
    • Party: Political power. Being able to influence others i.e. Pressure Groups being able to influence government policy
    • Weber criticises Marx's theory, as he says that society is held together by tradition and habit, rather than organised to oppress
    • Weber discovered 4 classes, rather than Marx's 2, with divisions in these classes.
    • Marx says that inequality is part of the structure of society, whereas Weber says that it is part of the culture in society
    • Weber criticises Marx, as he predicted that the working class would grow and overturn the ruling class.
      • This did not happen, as the classes have developed and become more fragmented.
    • Society is divided between different social groups competing for resources, power and wealth
    • NEO-WEBERIAN- Apply weber theories to modern society
      • GOLDTHORPE
        • Looked into employer relations, working conditions and life chances when establishing social class
          • CRITICISED- by feminists for ignoring pay differences in work due to gender
      • BARRON & NORRIS
        • Look at the dual labour market
          • Primary market- middle class, white male dominated jobs with social mobility
          • Secondary market- retail and 0-hur contracts. Primarily female and ethnic minority jobs with no structure of social mobility
      • GIDDENS
        • Middle class have educational and social qualifications that put them at an advantage
          • Working class can only sell their labour- at risk due to technological changes
      • TOMLINSON
        • Used to consider race inequality, with MARX fails to do
        • Low class/low status - they therefore lack party power.
          • Development of black underclass, as they feel alienated from society
    • CRITICISMS
      • Difficult to measure- power and status
        • What one values as respectable is completely different to another's view
      • Multiple class system makes it difficult to organise society
      • Social divides do not fragment us, most are proud of their class and nationality
      • Where people belong to lots of different social groups, which one do you identify as the most important?
      • Gives a more realistic view of the class system than Marx does

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