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Page 1

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Outline the evidence that some social groups are advantaged in the
contemporary UK (20)
Upper Class

Explanation: the ruling class are believed to make up 5-10% of the population, and
the ownership of private industry has remained highly concentrated in the upper
class

Evidence: Scott ­ the upper class have…

Page 2

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Explanation: white collar and corporate crime tends to go unnoticed and unreported,
mainly because it is an invisible crime and is much harder to detect and find a main
offender

Evidence: Sunderland ­ believes white collar crime is just as prevalent as visible
crimes usually committed by the working class,…

Page 3

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Evidence: Bourdieu ­ believes the middle classes have large amounts of cultural,
social and economic capital, and that this is what helps them succeed in education

Evidence: Gilles ­ middle class mothers can afford to invest more capital into their
children in order for them to succeed in education, while…

Page 4

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Evidence: Turak ­ points out that the number of manual jobs has fallen by 11% since
1981 and the number of non-manual jobs has increased

Evidence: Brown et al ­ working class workers are four times more likely to become
unemployed than the middle class

Health

Explanation: ONS statistics show…

Page 5

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Evidence: Gilles ­ middle class mothers can afford to invest more capital into their
children in order for them to succeed in education, while working class mothers lack
capital and therefore cannot help their children succeed like the middle class can

Workplace

Explanation: polarisation has occurred in society, where the…

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