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Sleep Disorders…read more

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Sleep Disorders can be split
into 2 categories:
Dyssomnias: these are problems with
amount, quality or timing of sleep. E.g
insomnia and nacrolepsy and often produce
daytime tiredness.
Parasomnias: these are behavioural events
that occur during sleep. E.g sleep walking
and nightmares.…read more

Slide 3

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1. What is Insomnia?
Common symptoms of insomnia include
difficulty getting to sleep and waking before
it is time to get up. There are many factors
that can contribute to insomnia including
stress and underlying medical conditions.
Typical treatments include sleeping pills
and behaviour therapy. Practicing good
sleep habits can often be effective for
treating mild cases of insomnia.…read more

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Primary and secondary
Primary insomnia is characterised by
symptoms of difficulty in falling asleep,
waking several times during sleep, and
These symptoms last for a month and has
unknown cause.
Secondary insomnia-there is a known
underlying medical condition.
Depression is major cause of secondary
insomnia.…read more

Slide 5

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Sleep Apnoea:
This disorder causes people to stop breathing
abruptly while they are asleep. During this
brief period, carbon dioxide builds up in the
blood and the sleeper wakes suddenly to
gasp for breath. The length of time that the
sleeper stop breathing can vary from a few
seconds to so long that the individuals skin
actually turns blue from oxygen
deprivation.…read more

Slide 6

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Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder that leads to
periods of intense sleepiness during the daytime. People
suffering from narcolepsy often experience bouts of
overwhelming sleepiness and may fall asleep for brief
periods of time during the day. These sleeping periods may
last from a few seconds to several minutes and in some
cases may last up to an hour or more. Those with
narcolepsy can fall asleep in the middle of a conversation,
during a meal or even while driving a vehicle.
narcolepsy is a chronic condition that typically begins
during adolescence. In addition to sleepiness,
narcolepsy is frequently accompanied by cataplexy,
which involves a sudden loss of muscle tone and
control that can last seconds or minutes. Other
symptoms include hallucinations and paralysis during
sleep.…read more

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