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Codes and Conventions
A good sitcom must follow certain codes and
· Typical narrative structure
­ Sitcoms must follow a certain narrative structure to
create some of the humour...
1. Equilibrium 2. Disruption
of Equilibrium 3. Resolution…read more

Slide 3

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An example of a sitcom narrative structure is The
Normal day at the office, everyone
is working.
David Brent realises that someone has
sent an abusive e-mail about him.
Gareth is put in charge to investigate.
They find out who has sent the e-mail and it turns out to
be one of David's best mates and so he is let off.…read more

Slide 4

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Codes and Conventions
· Contrasting characters
­ These characters create humour by arguing all the
time and creating rivalry e.g. Lister and Rimmer in
Red Dwarf.
· Simple Settings
­ A regular setting which the audience can relate to will
allow more relation to the characters rather than
focussing on different setting. E.g. Open All Hours is
set in a shop every episode but some scenes may
move to other simple locations.…read more

Slide 5

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Codes and Conventions
· Small Cast
­ There are only a small number of main characters in
sitcoms so that the audience can build relationships
with each character.
· Catchy Title Sequence/Theme Tune
­ This attracts attention to the program from the
beginning. It usually introduces the characters or
setting and has a catchy theme tune.…read more

Slide 6

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· The IT Crowd has a very
distinctive opening title
scene which includes:
­ A Catchy Theme tune.
­ An idea of the scenario.
­ Clues about the main
characters in it.…read more

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