First 406 words of the document:
1920s-1945: Tension over Stalin's support for the Chinese Nationalists and the USSR's interests in
the Chinese province of Manchuria
1950: Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance signed. Some Chinese resentment at the
unequal terms of the Treaty.
-October: Khrushchev's first visit to Beijing. Khrushchev refused to lessen Soviet ties in Mongolia or
allow China to expand its control in North Korea
1956: Khrushchev gives speech criticising Stalin and the Twentieth Congress of the Soviet Communist
Party. The policy of De-Stalinisation begins. Mao criticises Khrushchev as a revisionist.
1958: Khrushchev criticises Mao's policy of the Great Leap Forward as being impractical. Mao accuses
the USSR of being too cautious and detached during the crisis over Quemoy.
-June: USSR cancels Sino-Soviet Agreement of atomic cooperation.
-September: Khrushchev visits the USA. Mao condemns the Soviet Union's rapprochement with the
1960: The USSR pulls out all economic aid and advisers from China.
1961: China gives economic support to Albania after it splits with the USSR. China also encourages
Romania to become more independent of Soviet interference.
1963: A meeting between Party leaders of both China and the USSR fails to improve relations. China
claims that its border with the USSR is the result of `unequal' treaties.
1964: Khrushchev and Mao resort to bitter personal attacks.
-14 October: Khrushchev is dismissed as Soviet leader.
-16 October: China explodes its first nuclear bomb in a test at Lop Nor. Zhou Enlai, the Chinese Prime
Minister, visits a series of countries in the developing world to present China as the leader of the
1965: The USSR develops its policy of trying to isolate China in international affairs, by strengthening
its ties with Mongolia, North Korea and North Vietnam.
1968: Mao's attacks on the Soviet Union's leadership as revisionists increase during the Cultural
Revolution, Mao's attack on revisionist elements within China.
1969: Heavy fighting at Damansky Island on the Ussuri River in March when Chinese troops attack
Soviet border guards.
1970: Relations between China and the USSR improve slightly with the visit of Kosygin, the Soviet
Prime Minister, to China.
1971: Henry Kissinger, the US Secretary of State, visits China and paves the way for a visit by US
President Richard Nixon. Chinese relations with the USSR deteriorate.