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Schizophrenia 3 Psychological explanations

Behavioural Explanations

Argues that schizophrenia is a learnt behaviour.

Argues that important people in a young persons life do not reinforce socially
acceptable behaviour.

Instead they respond to more schizophrenic types of behaviour which reinforces and
encourages it.

Evaluation

This would suggest if its learnt behaviour…

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Cognitive Explanations

- Argue that Schizophrenia is due to disorganised and disordered thinking.

- Frith claims it is mostly due to faulty attention. We are normally able to filter the
information received by our senses and only a small amount of it reaches our
conscious thoughts.

- When schizophrenics first…

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- Argues that Schizophrenia is caused by Schizophrenogenic families and particular
blames mothers.

- In these families mixed messages are sent to the child who will be treated coldly but
will be expected to be emotional and dependent on the mother all the time.

- Communication in such families is…

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Evidence that does suggest a link between the two is only correlational . It could be
that the beginning of the disorder was actually the cause of the major life event.

Family Relationships: Double Bind Theory

Bateson et al 1956 children who receive contradictory messages from their parents
are more…

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shows that the reduction of expressed emotion positively affects schizophrenics.
This indicated that expressed emotion is a factor in relapse rates.

Labelling theory

· Scheff (1999) argues that social groups have norms. Schizophrenia's symptoms are seen as
deviant as they go against the norms. Schizophrenia's symptoms are seen as deviant…

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